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 JBM  Vol.4 No.12 , December 2016
Harvesting Age and Time Effect of Andrographis paniculata Leaf on Its Anti-Inflammatory Activity
Abstract: In this study, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR)-, 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)-spectroscopy and multivariate statistical analysis were used for the screening of in vitro anti-inflammatory activity on three different germplasm accessions namely 11,341 (P), 11,248 (T) and 11,265 (H) of Malaysian Andrographis paniculata (A. paniculata) leaf. The anti-inflammatory activity by nitric oxide (NO) inhibition assay in relation to the different harvesting ages and times of A. paniculata leaf was determined through comparison by partial least-squares analysis (PLS) using SIMCA-P. The PLS allowed the separation and correlation between the NO assay with the phytochemical present due to the effects of different harvesting ages and times. From the PLS plots, conclusions were drawn with respect to the correlation between A. paniculata leaf metabolites with the anti-inflammatory results which showed that 180 days after transplanting (DAT) of morning session for accessions T and H, and evening for P gave the highest anti-inflammatory activity.
Cite this paper: Isha, A. , Yusof, N. and Ismail, I. (2016) Harvesting Age and Time Effect of Andrographis paniculata Leaf on Its Anti-Inflammatory Activity. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 4, 175-188. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2016.412021.
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