JTR  Vol.4 No.4 , December 2016
Frequency of Depression and Anxiety among Tuberculosis Patients
Abstract: Objective: The aim of present study was to determine the frequency of depression and anxiety among tuberculosis patients. Methods: It was a descriptive study that had investigated the co-morbidity of depression and anxiety among tuberculosis patients with reference to gender. This study was conducted in Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Centre—Chest ward (TB clinic) from July 2014 to September 2014. Hundred diagnosed patients of tuberculosis (50 males and 50 females) were randomly selected. Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire (GAD-7) were used to assess the level of anxiety and depression. Results: Findings indicated that 56% tuberculosis (TB) patients had moderate to severe level of depression, whereas 65% TB patients had moderate to severe level of anxiety. Female patients had significantly high prevalence of depression as compared to males (t = 2.173, P < 0.05). Similarly, prevalence of anxiety was also significantly higher in female patients (t = 3.468, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Likelihood of depression and anxiety was frequent in tuberculosis patients. However, better management of these psychiatric morbidities may improve treatment adherence, illness perception and patient coping skills.
Cite this paper: Amreen, &. and Rizvi, N. (2016) Frequency of Depression and Anxiety among Tuberculosis Patients. Journal of Tuberculosis Research, 4, 183-190. doi: 10.4236/jtr.2016.44021.

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