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 Health  Vol.8 No.15 , December 2016
Theoretical Perspective of Job Demands Correlates among Nurses: Systematic Literature Review
Abstract: Introduction: Nursing is highly demanding and stressful profession. Negative consequences of job demands were widely discussed throughout the literature like; poor quality of care, poor health, burnout, greater intent to leave and lower level of job satisfaction. Job dissatisfaction among nurses also has been discussed exhaustively in the literature in regards to its negative outcomes represented by burnout, absenteeism, turnover, greater intent to leave and finally leaving nursing profession. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine literature discussing job demands in nursing profession and its associated factors among nurses, and to provide direction as to where research needs to continue to explore and develop evidence in this area. Results: Results showed that job demands are the most influential stressor in nursing profession that associated strongly with many negative consequences on the profession in general and on the nurses on particular. Conclusion: The results supported that job demand is unavoidable stressor that leads to many negative consequences and connects directly to job dissatisfaction. Therefore, there is a need to search for alleviating factors that decrease nursing stressor, its consequences and buffer the correlation between job demand and job satisfaction.
Cite this paper: Bani-Hani, M. , Hamdan-Mansour, A. , Atiyeh, H. and Alslman, E. (2016) Theoretical Perspective of Job Demands Correlates among Nurses: Systematic Literature Review. Health, 8, 1744-1758. doi: 10.4236/health.2016.815168.
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