OJAP  Vol.5 No.4 , December 2016
A Clean Technology for Future Prospective: Emission Modeling of Gas Based Power Plant
Abstract: The aim of present research is to study the dispersion of air pollutants using the air quality model, AERMOD and to predict the impact of pollutants (PM10, NO2 and CO) at the receptor level released from Gas Based Power Plant (GBPP). The net-concentrations including monitored data plus predicted values of PM10, NO2 and CO would be increased from base value 75 to 77.61 μg/m3 with an increase of 3.48%, 22 to 26.66 μg/m3 with an increase of 21.18% and 428 to 538.37 μg/m3 with an increase of 25.79% respectively. The study of hill effect showed that it had profound impact upon the dispersion of pollutants and the ratio (with hill and without hill) of each pollutant was 3.89 for PM10 (24 hr), 2.40 for NO2 (24 hr) and 13.98 for CO (1 hr). The natural gas based plant not only decreases the pollution level but also reduces the hospital treatment cost and protects the public health. The modeling results suggest that the GBPP could be a clean technology as replacement of coal power plants located in the city which pollute the environment considerably in spite of control measures installed.
Cite this paper: Markandeya, &. , Shukla, S. and Kisku, G. (2016) A Clean Technology for Future Prospective: Emission Modeling of Gas Based Power Plant. Open Journal of Air Pollution, 5, 144-159. doi: 10.4236/ojap.2016.54011.

[1]   Hao, J., Wu, Y., Fu, L., He, D. and He, K. (2001) Source Contributions to Ambient Concentrations of CO and NOx in the Urban Area of Beijing. Journal of the Environment Science and Health, 36, 215-228.

[2]   Markandeya, Pratap, D., Kumar, V. and Shukla, N.K. (2016) Seasonal Variation of Ozone in Industrial Area of Singrauli, India. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 24, 11-14.

[3]   Kisku, G.C. and Markandeya (2015) Role of Air Pollutants Emitted from Coal Power Plant and Meteorology in Climate Change. Climate Change, 1, 483-490.

[4]   Ali, M. and Athar, M. (2010) Dispersion Modeling of Noxious Pollutants from Thermal Power Plants. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Science, 34, 105-120.

[5]   Cuculeanu, V., Sterrer, R., Mocioaca, G., Schimak, G. and Anghel, M. (2010) Design of the Air Quality Monitoring Network for Bucharest City. Romanian Reports in Physics, 62, 383-395.

[6]   Balaceanu, C. and Stefan, S. (2004) The Assessment of the TSP Particulate Matter in the Urban Ambient Air. Romanian Reports in Physics, 56, 757-768.

[7]   Giakoumi, A., Maggos, T.H., Michopoulos, J., Helmis, C. and Vasilakos, C.H. (2009) PM2.5 and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in Ambient Air: A Focus on the Effect of Meteorology. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 152, 83-95.

[8]   ESS (Environmental Software and Services) (2002) Air Quality Modeling in Environmental Impact Assessment. Online Lecture on Air Pollution and Environmental Impact Assessment (AIR-EIA).

[9]   Tu, L.-K., Wu, Y.-L., Wang, L.-C. and Chang-Chien, G.-P. (2012) Monitoring and Dispersion Modeling of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) in the Ambient Air of Two Municipal Solid Waste Incinerators and a Coal-Fired Power Plant. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 12, 113-122.

[10]   Bureau of Indian Standards, Government of India (2002) Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, IS 1893-Part 1: General Provisions and Buildings (CED 39: Earthquake Engineering).

[11]   Pandey, P., Patel, D.K., Khan, A.H., Barman, S.C., Murthy, R.C. and Kisku, G.C. (2013) Temporal Distribution of Fine Particulates (PM2.5, PM10), Potentially Toxic Metals, PAHs and Metal-Bound Carcinogenic Risk in the Population of Lucknow City. Indian Journal of Environmental Science and Health, 48, 730-745.

[12]   Rutllant, J. and Garreaud, R. (1995) Meteorological Air Pollution Potential for Santiago, Chile: Towards an Objective Episode Forecasting. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 34, 223-244.

[13]   Naik, S.M. (1992) Dispersion of Sulphur Dioxide around the Thermal Power Plant at Ahmadabad, India. Atmospheric Environment, 26, 331-338.

[14]   Ko, F.W. and Hui, D.S. (2012) Air Pollution and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Respirology, 17, 395-401.

[15]   Sarath, K.G. and Bhola, R.G. (2012) Role of Meteorology in Seasonality of Air Pollution in Megacity Delhi, India. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 184, 3199-3211.

[16]   Bureau of Indian Standards. (2006) Revised National Ambient Air Quality Standards. Government of India.

[17]   Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J., Basagaia, X., Dadvand, P., Martinez, D., Cirach, M., Beelen, R., et al. (2014) Air Pollution and Human Fertility Rates. Environment International, 27, 9-14.

[18]   Gianicolo, E.A., Mangia, C., Cervino, M., Bruni, A., Andreassi, M.G. and Latini, G. (2014) Congenital Anomalies among Live Births in a High Environmental Risk Area—A Case Control Study in Brindisi Southern Italy. Environmental Research, 128, 9-14.

[19]   Schembari, A., Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J., Salvador, J., De-Nazelle, A., Cirach, M., Dadvand, P. (2014) Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Congenital Anomalies in Barcelona. Environmental Health Perspective, 122, 317-323.

[20]   Varon, J., Marik, P.E., Fromm, R.E. and Gueler, A. (1999) Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: A Review for Clinicians. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 17, 87-93.

[21]   Stanek, L.W., Sacks, J.D., Dutton, S.J. and Dubois, J.J.B. (2011) Attributing Health Effects to Apportioned Components and Sources of Particulate Matter: An Evaluation of Collective Results. Atmospheric Environment, 45, 5655-5663.

[22]   Krishna, R., Reddy, M.K., Reddy, R.C. and Singh, R.N. (2004) Assimilative Capacity and Dispersion of Pollutants Due to Industrial Sources in Visakhapatnam Bowl Area. Atmospheric Environment, 38, 6775-6787.