JDM  Vol.6 No.4 , November 2016
Host Factors Alter Effects of Angiopoietin-Like Protein 8 on Glucose Homeostasis in Diabetic Mice
Abstract: Recovery of functional beta cell mass offers a biological cure for type 1 diabetes. However, beta cell mass is difficult to regain once lost since the proliferation rate of beta cells after youth is very low. Angiopoietin like-protein 8 (ANGPTL8), a peptide that has a role in the regulation of lipoprotein lipase activity, was reported to increase beta cell proliferation in mice in 2013. Subsequent studies of human ANGPTL8 for short term (3 to 8 days) in non-diabetic mice showed little or no increase in beta cell proliferation. Here, we examined the effect of ANGPTL8 on glucose homeostasis in models that have not been examined previously. We expressed mouse ANGPTL8 using adenovirus in 2 mouse models of diabetes (streptozotocin and Non-Obese Diabetic (NOD) mice) over 2 weeks. Also, we tested ANGPTL8 in NOD mice deficient in leukocyte 12-lipoxygenase (12LO), an enzyme that contributes to insulitis and loss of beta cell function in NOD, in an effort to determine whether 12LO deficiency alters the response to ANGPTL8. Adenovirus-mediated expression of ANGPTL8 lowered blood glucose levels in streptozotocin treated mice without an increase in beta cell proliferation or serum insulin concentration. While ANGPTL8 did not reverse hyperglycemia in overtly hyperglycemic NOD mice or alter glucose homeostasis of non-diabetic NOD mice, ANGPTL8 reduced blood glucose levels in 12LOKO NOD mice. However, the lower glucose levels in 12LOKO NOD were not associated with higher serum insulin levels or beta cell proliferation. In summary, while mouse ANGPTL8 does not increase beta cell proliferation in NOD mice or streptozotocin treated mice in agreement with studies in non-diabetic mice, it lowers blood glucose levels in multiple low-dose streptozotocin induced diabetes and 12LO deficiency indicating that host factors influence the impact of ANGPTL8 on glucose homeostasis.
Cite this paper: Liu, S. , Smith, E. , King, T. , Glenn, L. , Trevino, M. , Park, S. , Machida, Y. , Villaflor, C. , Grzesik, W. , Morris, M. , Imai, Y. , Nadler, J. (2016) Host Factors Alter Effects of Angiopoietin-Like Protein 8 on Glucose Homeostasis in Diabetic Mice. Journal of Diabetes Mellitus, 6, 277-290. doi: 10.4236/jdm.2016.64029.

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