ABSTRACT Cadmium meta- and orthostannate were synthesized by thermal treatment using the coprecipitation method. Tin (IV) chloride, cadmium acetate were used as the initial components, the ammonium carbonate was a precipitant. The coprecipitated compounds and the thermolysis products were analyzed by TGA/DSC methods, the thermal treatment samples were studied by XRD and SEM. The formation of proper products in soft thermal treatment conditions was confirmed. The stannates formation in terms of submicron sized particles was observed by microscopial investigation.
Cite this paper
nullA. Sidorak, V. Ivanov and A. Shubin, "Cadmium Stannates Synthesis via Thermal Treatment of Coprecipitated Salts," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 9, 2011, pp. 1219-1224. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.29165.
 A. J. Nozik, “Optical and Electrical Properties of Cd2SnO4: A Defect Semiconductor,” Physical Review B, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1972, pp. 453-459.
D. S. Ginley and C. Bright, “Transparent Conducting Oxides,” Materials Research Society Bulletin, Vol. 25, 2000, pp.15-18.
X. H. Wu, Y. D. Wang and Y. F. Li, “Electrical and Gas- Sensing Properties of Perovskite-Type CdSnO3 Semiconductor Material,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 77, No. 2, 2002, pp. 588-593.
T. S. Zhang, Y. S. Shen, R. F. Zhang and X. Q. Liu, “Ammo-nia-Sensing Characteristics of Pt-doped CdSnO3 Semiconduct-ing Ceramic Sensor,” Materials Letters, Vol. 27, No. 4-5, 1996, рp. 161-164.
Y. L. Liu, Y. Xing, H. F. Yang, et al., “Ethanol Gas Sensing Properties of Nano-crystalline Cadmium Stannate Thick Films Doped with Pt,” Journal of Analytica Chimica Acta, Vol. 527, 2004, pp. 21-26.
V. Krishnakumar, K. Ramamurthi, R. Kumaravel, et al., “Prep-aration of Cadmium Stannate Films by Spray Pyrolysis Tech-nique,” Current Applied Physics, Vol. 9, 2009, pp. 467-471. doi:10.1016/j.cap.2008.04.006
C. M. Ronconi, O. L. Alves and R. E. Bruns, “Factorial Design Preparation of Transparent Conducting Oxide Thin Films,” Journal of Thin Solid Films, Vol. 517, 2009, pp. 2886-2891. doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2008.10.121
Y. Tang, Y. Jiang, J. Bihui, et al., “Synthesis of CdSnO3?3H2O Nanocubes via Ion Exchange and Their Thermal Decompositions to Cadmium Stannate,” Journal of Inorganic Chemestry, Vol. 45, 2006, pp. 10774-10779.
F. Golestani-Fard, T. Hashemi, K. J. D. Mackenzie and C. A. Hogarth, “Formation of Cadmium Stannate by Electron Spec-troscopy,” Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 18, 1983, pp. 3679-3685.
H. Mizoguchi, H. W. Eng and P. M. Woodward, “Probing the Electronic Structures of Ternary Perovskite and Pyrochlore Oxides Containing Sn+4 or Sb+5,” Journal of Inorganic Chemi-stry, Vol. 43, 2004, pp. 1667-1680.
V. V. Ivanov, E. B. Antipov, A. M. Abakumov, et al., “Met-al-Oxide Materials for Electrocontacts,” Pat. RU 2367695, 20 September 2009. (Russian).
“Phase Diagrams of Refractory Oxides Systems. Handbook. Edition 5. Binary Systems,” Part 1. Nauka, Leningrad, 1985, 284 pages (Russian).
D. R. Kammler, T. O. Mason and K. R. Poeppelmeier, “Phase Relationships, Transparency, and Conductivity in the Cadmium Indate-Cadmium Stannate System,” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 12, 2000, pp. 1954-1960.
D. Raviendra and J. K. Sharma, “Electroless Deposition of Cadmium Stannate, Zinc Oxide, and Aluminum-Doped Zinc Oxide Films,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 58, No. 2, 1985, pp. 838-844.
A. Askarinejad and A. Morsali, “Syntheses and Characterization of CdCO3 and CdO Nanoparticles by Using a Sonochemical Method,” Materials Letters, Vol. 62, 2008, pp. 478-482.
G. Brauer, “Handbook of preparative Inorganic Chemistry,” Academic Press, New York, 1965.
R. A. Lidin, “Chemical Properties of Inorganic Matter,” Kolos, Moscow, 2006, p.480.