ENG  Vol.8 No.10 , October 2016
Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources of Al-Adhaim, Iraq Using SWAT Model
Abstract: SWAT model (Sediment and Water Assessment Tool) was used to evaluate the impacts of climate change on water resources in Al-Adhaim Basin which is located in north east of Iraq. Al-Adhaim River is the main source of fresh water to Kirkuk City, one of the largest cities of Iraq. Recent studies have shown that blue and green waters of the basin have been manifesting increasing variability contributing to more severe droughts and floods apparently due to climate change. In order to gain greater appreciation of the impacts of climate change on water resources in the study area in near and distant future, SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) has been used. The model is first tested for its suitability in capturing the basin characteristics, and then, forecasts from six GCMs with about half-a-century lead time to 2046-2064 and one-century lead time to 2080-2100 are incorporated to evaluate the impacts of climate change on water resources under three emission scenarios: A2, A1B and B1. The results showed worsening water resources regime into the future.
Cite this paper: Abbasa, N. , Wasimia, S. and Al-Ansari, N. (2016) Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources of Al-Adhaim, Iraq Using SWAT Model. Engineering, 8, 716-732. doi: 10.4236/eng.2016.810065.

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