JBM  Vol.4 No.10 , October 2016
Effects of Judo Strength-Velocity Training during Precompetition on Cardiorespiratory Responses in Congolese Judoists Aged 15 - 17 Years Old
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effects of “strength-velocity” training on the evolution of some cardiorespiratory parameters in postpubertal judoists of the Congolese national elite. Methods: The survey, exploratory, experimental and longitudinal, was about 14 boys, belonging to seven categories of weight of the International Federation of Judo. These judoists, at the level belonged to stages 3, 4 and 5 of the classification to Tanner, of pubertal maturation. Their median age was 16 years (range: 15 - 17 years). All topics have been submitted to “strength-velocity” training, focused around exercises bound to the development of the power and automatisms, from plyometric and isometric training. Three assessments have been realized in the beginning, to mid-training (3 months) and at the end of the program (6 months). The measured values were cardiorespiratory parameters. Results: The heart rate to the doorstep was decreased significantly (p = 0.048), so VO2 max (p = 0.046), FVC (p = 0.0244) and ratio VEMS/FVC (p = 0.046) as function of pubertal stage. In contrast, increase was not significant for VEMS (p = 0.205) and absolute VO2 to doorstep (p = 0.097). No significant effect of pubertal state on respiratory frequency was found. On the other hand, strength-velocity training improved cardiorespiratory data. To the recovery of the “strength-velocity test”, the decrease of the VO2 took place more quickly that the one of the VE, the VCO2 and the HR, variations linked to the category of topic weight. Conclusion: Among high level Congolese postpubertal judoists, the cardiorespiratory modifications induce faculty to the realization of a good performance and pursue objectives of health. However, it is necessary to be heedful as for situations to put in place in sittings at the time of such of “strength-velocity” training.
Cite this paper: Moulongo, J. , Massamba, A. , Ntumba, J. , Bompeka, F. , Lisule, F. and Packa-Tchissambou, B. (2016) Effects of Judo Strength-Velocity Training during Precompetition on Cardiorespiratory Responses in Congolese Judoists Aged 15 - 17 Years Old. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 4, 50-64. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2016.410006.

[1]   Lounana, J. and Medelli, J. (2000) L’enfant, son corps et le sport. Soins Pédiatrie-Puériculture, 193, 13-15.

[2]   Sallis, J.F. and Patrick, K. (2004) Physical Activity Guidelines for Adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Science, 16, 1032-1046.

[3]   Ferry, A. (1999) Performance et entrainement physiques et sportifs en force-vitesse (puissance). Science & Sports, 14, 115-129.

[4]   Bigard, A.X. and Keulmann, N. (2006) Adaptations biochimiques et structurales du muscle à l’entrainement en force. Science & Sports, 21, 50-56.

[5]   Campos, G.E.R., Luccke, T.J., Wendle, H.K., Toma, K., Hagerman, F.C., Murray, T.F., et al. (2002) Muscular Adaptations in Response to Three Different Strength-Velocity Training Regimens: Specificity Repetition Maximum Training Zones. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 88, 50-60.

[6]   Thompson, H.S., Maynard, E.B., Morales, E.R. and Scordilis, S.P. (2003) Exercise-Induced HSP27, HSP70 and MAPK Responses in Human Skeletal Muscle. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 178, 61-72.

[7]   Favre-Juvin, A., Majean, H., Gaillat, L. and Eterradossi, J. (1990) Approche physiologique du judo sur le terrain. Sport Medicine, 49, 28-32.

[8]   André, J.L., Deschamps, J.P. and Gueguen, R. (2000) La tension artérielle chez l’adolescent sportif de haut niveau. Valeurs rapportées à l’age et à la taille chez 1706 sportifs. Archives de Pédiatrie, 57, 477-482.

[9]   Sherman, C.B., Tosteson, T.D. and Tager, I.B. (2008) Early Predictors of Factors Affecting the Development of Lung Function in Younger Judoists. American Journal of Human Biology, 20, 716-725.

[10]   Kobayashi, K., Kiyakazu, K., Mochiyoshi, M., Hirishi, S. and Yutaka, M. (1978) Aerobic Poqer as Related to Body Growth and Training in Japanese Boys: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Applied Physiology, 44, 666-672.

[11]   Plée, T. and Melin, V. (2001) Judo Kodokan. La bible du judo. Edité sous l’autorité du Comité d’Edition du Kodokan. Budo Editions, Noisy-sur-Ecole, France, 262 p.

[12]   Tanner, J.M. and Whitehouse, R.H. (1976) Clinical Longitudinal Standards for Height, Weight, Height Velocity, Weight Velocity and Stages of Puberty. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 51, 170-179.

[13]   Bigard, A.X., Duvallet, A., Jousselet, F., Messner, P., Préfaut, C. and Verdier, J.C. (1992) Détermination de l’aptitude médicale à la pratique du sport. Science & Sports, 7, 59-69.

[14]   Arsac, L.M., Belli, A. and Lacour, J.R. (1996) Muscle Function during Brief Maximal Exercise: Accurate Measurements on a Friction-Load Cycle Ergometer. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 74, 100-106.

[15]   Vandewalle, H., Pérès, G., Sourabié, B., Stouvenel, O. and Monod, H. (1989) Force-Velocity Relationships and Maximal Anaerobic Power during Cranking in Young Swimmers. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 10, 439-445.

[16]   Sokal, R.R. and Rohlf, S.W. (1995) Biometry. 7th Edition, Freemann and Co., San Francisco.

[17]   ATS/American Thoracic Society (1991) Lung Function Testing: Selection of References Values and Interpretative Strategies. American Review of Respiratory Diseases, 144, 1202-1218.

[18]   Spiro, S.G. (1997) Exercise Testing in Clinical Medicine. British Journal of Diseases of the Chest, 91, 145-172.

[19]   Favre-Juvin, A. (1990) Puissance et capacité anaérobie du judoka, comparaison de données de terrain et de laboratoire. Rapport de DEA de biologie de l’exercice musculaire. University of Saint-Etienne-Lyon I.

[20]   Snoeckx, L.H. (1983) Cardiac Dimensions in Athletes in Relation to Variation in Their Training Program. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 52, 20-28.

[21]   UNDP (2011) Human Development Report 2011. Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. UNDP, New York, 176 p.

[22]   Direction de la Lutte contre les Maladies (2012) Rapport sur la lutte contre le Paludisme, 2ème trimestre 2012. Programme National de Lutte contre le Paludisme, Ministère de la Santé et de la Population. Brazzaville.

[23]   Schmidt, W., Correa, R., Boning, D., Ehrich, J.H.H. and Krüger, C. (1994) Oxygen Transport Properties in Malaria-Infected Rodents. A Comparison between Infected and Noninfected Erythrocytes. Blood, 83, 3745-3752.

[24]   Lynch, M.J., Raphael, S.S., Mellor, L.D., Spar, P.D. and Inwood, M. (1976) Techniques de laboratoire médical et pathologie clinique. Tome I, 2nd Edition, Maloine, Paris.

[25]   Bongbele, J., Ewamela, A., Diakoundila, E. and Mankele, R. (1998) Capacité sanguine de transport d’oxygène chez des sportifs infestés par la malaria. Revue des Maladies Respiratoires, 15, 57-59.

[26]   Mehta, S.R., Ahuja, R.C., Khrisnan, N.R., Subramanian, A.R. and Naidu, G. (1987) Exercise Provocation Test for Clinical Malaria. Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 35, 205-206.

[27]   Heller, J., Peric, T., Dlouha, R., Kohlikova, E., Melichna, J. and Novakova, H. (1998) Physiological Profiles of Male and Female Judoists. Journal of Sports Sciences, 16, 243-249.

[28]   Fauchard, L., Léger, L.L., Bouchard, C. and Cazorla, S. (1999) Aptitude physique des étudiants francais en éducation physique et sports. Sciences et Techniques des Activités Physiques et Sportives, 49, 25-32.

[29]   Kingue, S., Binam, F., Nde Ndjiele, J.F. and Atchou, G. (2001) Etude échographique de la fonction ventriculaire gauche d’un groupe de judokas camerounais. Science & Sports, 16, 10-15.

[30]   Gavarry, L., Hagberg, J.M. and Hickson, R.C. (2000) Cardiovascular Assessment in Trained Athletes. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 30, 540-547.

[31]   Stratton, J. (1996) Etude échographique du cæur du judoka. In: Raffoul, H. and Aberg, E., Eds., Encyclopédie pratique d’écho-Doppler cardiaque, LEN Medical, Cardiologie Pratique, Paris, 15, 1-8.

[32]   Pearson, A.C., Schiff, M., Mrosek, D., Labovitz, A.J. and Williams, G.A. (1996) Heart Rate and Arterial Pressure in Judoists Aged 15-19 Years Old. American Journal of Cardiology, 68, 2954-2959.

[33]   Bernard, O., Maddio, F., Ouattara, S., Jimenez, C., Charpenet, A., Melin, B. and Bittel, J. (1998) Influence of the Oxygen Uptake Slow Component on the Aerobic Energy Cost of High Intensity Submaximal Treadmill Running in Humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 78, 578-585.

[34]   Hughson, R.L. (2000) Exploring Cardiorespiratory Control Mechanisms through Gas Exchange Dynamics. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 32, 72-79.

[35]   Rittel, H.F. and Watterlo, H.E. (2005) Radiotelemetric bie tischtennis, tennis und badminton-spielen. Sportatz Sportmededizin, 32, 1644-1649.

[36]   Seliger, V., Ejen, M., Pauer, M. and Safarik, V. (2003) Energy Metabolism in Table Tennis. Internationale Zeitschrift für Angewandte Physiologie, 61, 1333-1340.

[37]   Muller Deck, P. (1990) Exploration du métabolisme énergétique chez le sportif de haut niveau. Insep Publications, Paris.

[38]   Majean, H., Gaillat, L., Callec, C., Eterradossi, J. and Favre-Juvin, A. (1990) Approche physiologique du judo sur le terrain. Sport et Médecine, 49, 28-32.

[39]   Cooper, D.M., Weiler-Ravell, D., Whipp, B.J. and Wasserman, K. (2004) Aerobic Parameters as a Function of a Body Size during Growth in Adolescents. Journal of Applied Physiology, 76, 628-634.

[40]   Erickson, B.O., Karlsson, J. and Saltin, B. (2001) Muscle Metabolites during Exercise in Postpubertal Boys. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 247, 154-157.

[41]   Macek, M. and Vavra, J. (2001) Cardiopulmonary and Metabolic Changes during Exercise in Children 12-16 Years Old. Journal of Applied Physiology, 60, 200-204.

[42]   Haralambie, G. (2002) Enzyme Activities in Skeletal Muscle of 13-15 Years Old Adolescents. Bulletin Européen de Physiopathologie Respiratoire, 38, 65-74.

[43]   Dao, S., Brondani, J.C., Kujala, U.M. and Fall, A. (2002) Cardiorespiratory Surveillance at African Judo Event. Bulletin Européen de Physiopathologie Respiratoire, 28, 65-74.

[44]   Berg, K.E. (1991) Comparison of Cardiorespiratory Values in Men and Women at Rest and during Exercise Recovery. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 31, 351-356.

[45]   Bangsbo, J., Johansen, L., Graham, T. and Saltin, B. (2003) Lactates and H+ Effluxes from Human Skeletal Muscles during Intense, Dynamic Exercise. Journal of Physiology, 472, 115-133.

[46]   Gaesser, G.A. and Brooks, G.A. (2004) Metabolic Bases of Excess Post-Exercise Oxygen Consumption: A Review. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 36, 29-43.