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 Health  Vol.8 No.13 , October 2016
Resistance Training in People at Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes and Their Experience of Health-Related Quality of Life
Abstract: Background: Research indicates an association between impaired glucose metabolism and overweight, a serious public health problem involving an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes, related hypertension, and a reduced quality of life. Aim: The first aim is to assess different dimensions of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in overweight individuals at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes compared to a normal population. The second aim is to examine the impact of resistance training on the pre-post HRQoL dimension scores of the intervention group. Methods: Eighteen participants were randomly assigned to one of the two resistance training groups. Group 1 engaged in supervised maximal resistance training (Bernstein inverted pyramid system: 5× 3 - 4, 60% - 85% of 1 Repetition Maximum (RM)), three days/week over four months, and Group 2 performed endurance resistance training (including lower weight loads and more repetitions over four months). The intervention consisted of eight exercises involving the entire body. The subjects completed the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) on HRQoL. The HRQoL scores of the norm population were higher than those of people at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, and resistance training seemed to have a limited significant positive effect on the different HRQoL dimensions.
Cite this paper: Hansen, E. , Vinberg, S. , Gundersen, K. and Landstad, B. (2016) Resistance Training in People at Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes and Their Experience of Health-Related Quality of Life. Health, 8, 1323-1334. doi: 10.4236/health.2016.813133.
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