ABSTRACT Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare static and dynamic warm-up regimes on lower limb muscle power and thereby the perform-ance of the individual. Methodology: Twenty eight (28) subjects were assigned into groups consisting of 2 members. From each group, 1 subject performed the static stretching and the other subject performed dynamic stretching as warm-up. This was followed by non-counter movement jumps on a force platform and the vertical jump heights were recorded. Data were analysed using one-way ANOVA and paired t-test at 0.05 alpha. Result: The results showed that dynamic stretching as warm-up causes significant increase (p=0.01) in the vertical jump height as compared to static stretching (p=0.03). Discussion: The increase in vertical jump height could be related to the increase in force pro-duction which plays an important role during the vertical jump test. On the other hand the decrease in vertical jump height following static stretching could be attributed to a decrease in the force production in the muscles. Conclusion: Dynamic warm-up increases the vertical lump height, whereas static stretching decreases the jump height of the athlete.
Cite this paper
nullShelton, J. and Kumar, G. (2009) Comparison between static and dynamic warm-up exercise regimes on lower limb muscle power. Health, 1, 117-120. doi: 10.4236/health.2009.12019.
 Rosenbaum, D. and E. M. Hennig (1995) The influence of stretching and warm-up exercises on Achilles tendon reflex activity. Journal of Sport Sciences, 13(6), 481-90.
Knudson, D., Bennet, K., Corn, R., Leick, D., Smith, C., (2000) Acute effects of stretching are not evident in the kinematics of the vertical jump. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71(1-Supplement), A-30.
Kokkonen, J., Nelson, A. G., Cornwell, A. (1998) Acute muscle stretching inhibits maximal strength performance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 69, 411-415.
McNeal, J. and Sands, W., (2003) Acute static stretching reduces lower extremity power in trained children. Pedi-atric Exercise Science, 15, 139-145.
Frederick, G.A. (2001) Baseball part-1 dynamic flexibil-ity. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 23(1), 21-30.
Faigenbaum, A.D., Bellucci, M.A., Bernieri, A, Bakker, B., Hoorens, K., (2005) Acute effects of different warm up protocols on fitness performance in children. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 19(2), 376–381.
Duncan, M.J. and Woodfield, L.A., (2006) Acute effects of warm up protocol on flexibility and vertical jump in children. Journal of Exercise Physiologyonline, online, 9 (3), 9-16.
Fletcher, I.M. and Jones, B., (2004) The effects of dif-ferent warm up stretch protocols on 20metre sprint per-formance in trained rugby union players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(4), 885.
Sale, D., (2002) Postactivation potentiation: Role in hu-man performance. Exercise Sport Science Review, 30(3), 138-143.