WJNS  Vol.1 No.2 , August 2011
Neurogenesis-enhancing effect of sodium ferulate and its role in repair following stress-induced neuronal damage
ABSTRACT
Ferulic acid (FA) is a ubiquitous phenolic acid of low toxicity, and sodium ferulate (SF) is its sodium salt. Our previous studies have revealed that FA shows neuroprotective effect and significant antidepressant- like effect. The aim of this study was to investigate its potential neurogenesis-enhancing effect and its role in repair following stress-induced neuronal damage. MTT assay was performed to measure the effect of SF on the growth of rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells; morphological and immunocytochemical meth- ods were used for assessing its differentiation-induc- ing action. Chronic mild stress (CMS) tests were per- formed to establish rat model of depression. The histopathology of animal brains was studied to ana- lyze CMS-induced morphological changes and the effect of SF on the repair of CMS-induced brain in- jury. The expressions of nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and the proliferation of neural stem cell/neural progenitor cells were assessed in the hippocampi of chronic mild stress (CMS)-induced depression-like model rats by immunohistochemistry and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)- incorporation assays, respectively. Our in vitro tests showed that SF promoted the proliferation of PC12 cells in the concentration range of 5 - 320 μM, and induced PC12 cells to differentiate to more mature cells with the morphological characteristics and mo- lecular marker of neuronal-like cells. In vivo tests showed that SF up-regulated the expressions of NGF and BDNF, and induced the proliferation of neural stem cell/neural progenitor cells in the hippocampi of CMS-induced depression-like model rats. This study provides evidences that SF shows neurogenesis-en- hancing effect, and its antidepressant-like effect of SF may be related directly and closely to its above-men- tioned effect.

Cite this paper
nullYu, L. , Zhang, Y. , Liao, M. , Wang, Y. , Ma, R. , Zhang, X. and Yu, T. (2011) Neurogenesis-enhancing effect of sodium ferulate and its role in repair following stress-induced neuronal damage. World Journal of Neuroscience, 1, 9-18. doi: 10.4236/wjns.2011.12002.
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