Back
 Health  Vol.8 No.12 , September 2016
The Inter Relationship of Mental State between Antepartum and Postpartum Assessed by Depression and Bonding Scales in Mothers
Abstract: The number of deaths caused by child abuse is increasing, which is one of social concerns. The mental health of mothers might be related to child abuse. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the mental state of mothers in both the antepartum and postpartum period assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Mother-Infant-Bonding-Scale (MIBS), and compare the results. Participants (n = 134) were recruited twice in antepartum medical checkups (20 to 36 weeks of gestation) and postpartum medical checkups (1 month after birth). Information on characteristics of participants was collected from medical records in both periods. Family function and ante-postpartum mental health were assessed by Family APGAR, EPDS, and MIBS. Antepartum depressive state was related to postpartum depressive state (p = 0.015), antepartum bonding was related to bonding in postpartum bonding (p = 0.0001), and antepartum bonding disorder was related to postpartum depressive state (relative risk = 11.7). Worries about costs and poor of family function were related to the mental health of mothers in both the antepartum and postpartum periods. Antepartum depressive state is an indicator of postpartum depression. We suggested that health professionals conduct an evaluation of mother’s mental health and related factors in the antepartum period. The present findings emphasize the importance of antepartum mental health as a predictor of postpartum depression and bonding disorder.
Cite this paper: Sugishita, K. , Kamibeppu, K. and Matsuo, H. (2016) The Inter Relationship of Mental State between Antepartum and Postpartum Assessed by Depression and Bonding Scales in Mothers. Health, 8, 1234-1243. doi: 10.4236/health.2016.812126.
References

[1]   Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (2013) The Verification Results of the Death Caused by Child Abuse Cases. http://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/houdou/0000052785.html

[2]   Blumberg, M.L. (1980) The Abusing Mother-Criminal, Psychopath or Victim of Circumstances. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 34, 351-362.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7416316

[3]   Kitamura, T., Yamashita, H. and Yoshida, K. (2009) Seeking Medical Support for Depression after the Childbirth: A Study of Japanese Community Mother of 3-Month-Old Babies. The Open Women’s Health Journal, 3, 1-4.
http://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/TOWHJ-3-1
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1874291200903010001


[4]   Kaneko, H., Nomura, K., Tanaka, N., Sechiyama, Y., Takahashi, Y. and Honjyo, S. (2008) A Prospective Study of Depression and Maternal Attachment during Pregnancy and One Month after Delivery. Japanese Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 49, 497-508.

[5]   Ando, S. and Muto, T. (2006) A Sequential Model of Antenatal Depression. The Journal of Child Health, 65, 666-674.

[6]   Kitamura, T., Shima, S., Sugawara, M. and Toda, M. (1993) Psychological and Social Correlates of the Onset of Affective Disorders among Pregnant Women. Psychological Medicine, 23, 967-975.
http://www.institute-of-mental-health.jp/thesis/pdf/thesis-07/thesis-07-04

[7]   O’Hara, M.W. (1986) Social Support, Life Events and Depression during Pregnancy and the Puerperium. Archives of General Psychiatry, 43, 569-573.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3707289
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1986.01800060063008


[8]   Nagamine, T., Wada, Y., Ishikawa, Y. and Maezawa, M. (1988) Study on the Explanatory Model in Patients with Bronchial Asthma. Monthly Community Medicine, 7, 126-133.

[9]   Smilkstein, G. (1978) The Family Apgar Score: A Proposal for a Family Function Test and Its Use by Physicians. The Journal of Family Practice, 6, 1231-1239.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/660126

[10]   Smilkstein, G., Ashworth, C. and Montano, D. (1982) Validity and Reliability of the Family Apgar Score as a Test of Family Function. The Journal of Family Practice, 15, 303-311.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7097168

[11]   Cox, J.L. (1987) Detection of Postnatal Depression Development of the 10-Item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 782-786.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3651732
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.150.6.782


[12]   Okano, T., et al. (1996) Validation and Reliability of Japanese Version of the EPDS. Archives of Psychiatric Diagnostics and Clinical Evaluation, 7, 525-533.

[13]   Kumar, R.C. (1997) “Anybody’s Child” Severe Disorders of Mother-to-Infant Bonding. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 175-181. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9337956
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.171.2.175


[14]   Yamashita, H. and Yoshida, K. (2004) Investigation of Community-Based Preventive Intervention Using Questionnaires for Mothers at Risk for Child Abuse: Contribution of Perinatal Psychiatry to Child Abuse in Infancy. Japanese Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect, 6, 218-231.

[15]   Yoshida, K., Yamashita, H., Susan, C., Maureen, M. and Chianni, K. (2009) A Japanese Version of Mother-Infant Bonding Scale: Factor Structure, Longitu-dinal Changes and Links with Maternal Mood during the Early Postnatal Period in Japanese Mothers. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 15, 343-352.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00737-012-0291-1

[16]   Sugishita, K. and Kamibeppu, K. (2013) Relationship between Prepartum and Postpartum Depression to Use EPDS. Japanese Journal of Maternal Health, 53, 444-450.

[17]   Migrom, J., Gemmill, A.W., Bilszta, J.L., Hayes, B., Barnett, B., Brooks, J., et al. (2008) Antenatal Risk Factors for Postnatal Depression: A Large Prospective Study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 108, 147-157. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18067974

[18]   Kitamura, T., Yoshida, K., Okano, T., Kinoshita, K., Hayashi, M., Toyoda, N., et al. (2006) Multicenter Prospective Study of Perinatal De-pression in Japan: Incidence and Correlates of Antenatal and Postnatal Depression. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 9, 121-130.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16547826

[19]   Mohammad, K.I., Gamble, J. and Creedy, D.K. (2011) Prevalence and Factors Associated with the Development of Antenatal and Postnatal Depression among Jordanian Women. Midwifery, 27, e238-e245. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21130548
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2010.10.008


[20]   Cooper, P.J. and Murray, L. (1995) Course and Recurrence of Postnatal Depression. Evidence for the Specificity of the Diagnostic Concept. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 191-195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.166.2.191

[21]   Siddiqui, A. and Hagglof, B. (2000) Does Maternal Prenatal Attachment Predict Postnatal Mother-Infant Interaction? Early Human Development, 59, 13-25.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10962164
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3782(00)00076-1


[22]   Brockington, I.F., Oates, J., George, S., Tuner, D., Vostanis, P., Sullivan, M., et al. (2001) A Screening Questionnaire for Mother-Infant Bonding Disorder. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 3, 133-140. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs007370170010

[23]   Ohmura, N. and Mitsuoka, S. (2006) Prenatal and Postanatal Attachment of Mother to Her Child and Factors Affecting Longitudinal Change of the Attachment. The Journal of Child Health, 65, 733-739.

 
 
Top