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 JEP  Vol.7 No.10 , September 2016
The Importance of Spatiotemporal Heterogeneity for Biodiversity in Forest—Heathland Mosaics and Implications for Heathland Conservation
Abstract: In biodiversity management, spatio-temporal heterogeneity is important to consider conserving high levels of habitat diversity and ecosystems. In this study, we investigated the relationship between landscape spatio-temporal heterogeneity and biodiversity in a mosaic-landscape, located in the Fontainebleau forest (France). The diversity of successional stages along a gradient from heathland to forest as well as the persistence of Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull in different forest stands was examined in order to find how the numerous patches of European Heathland habitat embedded in this area should be maintained. The results indicated that in the areas of high spatio-temporal heterogeneity, a general increase is observed in species richness, in particular for vascular plants, bryophytes and carabids. C. vulgaris persisted in coniferous stands and young mixed stand but decreased under deciduous trees and old mixed stands. The Ellenberg’s values for light, nutrients and acidity, show the persistence of favorable enviromental conditions for heathland vegetation under coniferous stands and young mixed stands. These results enable us to offer recommendations to better manage mosaic-landscape biodiversity, and in particular, the heathland semi-natural habitats in the Fontainebleau forest and elsewhere in Europe.
Cite this paper: Mobaied, S. , Geoffroy, J. and Machon, N. (2016) The Importance of Spatiotemporal Heterogeneity for Biodiversity in Forest—Heathland Mosaics and Implications for Heathland Conservation. Journal of Environmental Protection, 7, 1317-1332. doi: 10.4236/jep.2016.710115.
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