ABSTRACT Objectives: To elucidate the pharmacological profile of aripiprazole, we examined its ameliorating effect on the methamphetamine-induced disruption of latent inhibition (LI) in rats. Method: The effect was measured using a conditioned emotional response procedure. The conditioned stimulus was a tone (2.8 kHz, 90 dB), and the unconditioned stimulus was a mild foot shock delivered through a floor grid. The conditioning procedure was repeated five times. Results: Methamphetamine-induced (1.0 mg/kg, i.p.) disruption of LI was ameliorated by the administration of haloperidol (0.2 mg/kg, i.p.) and by a moderate dose of aripiprazole (0.3 mg/kg, i.p.) but not by a lower or higher dose (0.1 or 3.0 mg/kg, i.p.) of aripiprazole. However, immunohistochemical examination showed increased levels of c-Fos expression in the shell of the nucleus accumbens after the administration of haloperidol (0.2 mg/kg, i.p.) but not of aripiprazole (0.3 mg/kg, i.p.). Conclusions: It is suggested that aripiprazole has an ameliorating effect on methamphetamine-induced disruption of latent inhibition within only a marginal therapeutic window.
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nullH. Matsuo, H. Abe, T. Ikeda, K. Ebihara, R. Takeda, T. Nishimori and Y. Ishida, "Effect of Aripiprazole on Methamphetamine-Induced Disruption of Latent Inhibition in Rats," Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2011, pp. 167-171. doi: 10.4236/jbbs.2011.13022.
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