Back
 GEP  Vol.4 No.9 , September 2016
The Effect of Evaporative Formations in Increasing the Salinity of the Water Resources in Mahdasht-Eshtehard Region (Iran)
Abstract: Considering the underground water resources salinity problem in Mahdasht to Eshtehard region of southern Alborz Province, we attempted to deal with the relationship between the water sources features especially salinity with the geology of the mentioned range in terms of petrology and structural properties. For this purpose after determining the study range, field investigation was performed to identify the geological formations and the distribution thereof as well as the faults locations using existing geological maps. Using a fourteen year period statistics (2009-2014), the static water table, the discharge rate, annual exploitation and the plain’s underground water level elevation (GIS) were analyzed and evaluated. Water samples were taken from 18 wells and chemical analysis determining the quality of water was used. The concentration contour maps of chloride, sulfate, sodium and total soluble solids together with the faults performance analysis showed that the highest salinity concentration relates to northeastern part of the plain. Concentration and qualitative results, the regional water quality can be classified in moderate to disagreeable in terms of potability and saline for agricultural use. The study findings showed that the high evaporative masses’ erosion rate and gypsum and saline sediment transport from the northeast Neogene formations have developed saline field in the plain and immethodical exploitation of water sources has considerably reduced the water quality and increased the salinity.
Cite this paper: Ebadati, N. and Yousefi, H. (2016) The Effect of Evaporative Formations in Increasing the Salinity of the Water Resources in Mahdasht-Eshtehard Region (Iran). Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 4, 1-12. doi: 10.4236/gep.2016.49001.
References

[1]   Gasemi, A., Lashkaripour, G., Baniasdi, A., Hasanaki, M. and Nematollahi, M. (2013) Assess the Impact of Geology on the Quality of Water Resources in the Catchment Area Shorlogh Sarakhs, Khorasan Razavi Province. 8th Conference of the Geological Society of Environmental Engineering, No. 1, 1406-1408.

[2]   Karimi, H. and Asgari, P. (2011) Evaluation of Geological Formations on Groundwater Quality Plain Porch, Ilam. 15th Conference of the Geological Society of Iran, Tehran, Geological Society of Iran and Tarbiat Moallem University, No. 1, 56-67.

[3]   Lashkari, M. and Lashkaripour, G. (2011) Quality Assessment of Iranshahr Groundwater and Water Quality Effects of Geological Formation. Proceedings of the 3rd Conference of Earth Sciences, Geological Survey of Iran, 1-7.

[4]   Gazzaz, N.M., Kamil Yusoff, M., Zaharin Aris, A., Juahir, H. and Firuz Ramli, M. (2012) Artificial Neural Network Modeling of the Water Quality Index for Kinta River (Malaysia) Using Water Quality Variables as Predictors. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64, 2409-2420.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.08.005

[5]   Kanakoudis, V., Tsitsifli, S. Samaras, P. and Zouboulis, A. (2015) Erratum to: Water Pipe Networks Performance Assessment: Benchmarking Eight Cases across the EU Mediterranean Basin. Water Quality, Exposure and Health, 7, 109.

[6]   Aganabati, A. (2004) Geological of Iran. Geological Survey of Iran, 556 p.

[7]   Ranjbar, M. (2009) Factors Affecting the Subsidence Plain Eshtehard. Iranian Journal of Iran Geography, 6, 4-23.

[8]   Yosefi, M., Emami, M. and Alavi, M. (2000) Geological Map and Reports Square Eshtehard , Scale 1:100,000. Geological Survey and Mineral Exploration of Iran No. 1.

[9]   Sarani, N., Soltani, J., Sarani, S. and Moasheri, A. (2012) Comparison of Artificial Neural Network and Multivariate Linear Regression Model to Predict Sodium Adsorption Ratio (Case Study: Sistan River, Iran). International Conference on Chemical, Ecology and Environmental Sciences (ICEES’2012), 17-18 March 2012, Bangkok, Vol. 1, 130-134.

[10]   Masoudi, M., Patwardhan, A.M. and Gore, S.D. (2006) A New Methodology for Producing of Risk Maps of Soil Salinity, Case Study: Payab Basin, Iran. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 10, 9-13.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jasem.v10i3.17312

[11]   Ebadati, N. and Sepahvandi, S. (2015) Role of Geological Structures and Lithology in the Quantitative and Qualitative Changes of Eshtehard Aquifers. Iranian Journal of Echo Hydrology, 2, 117-128.

[12]   Murad, A., Mahgoub, F. and Hussein, S. (2012) Hydrogeochemical Variations of Groundwater of the Northern Jabal Hafit in Eastern Part of Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates (UAE). International Journal of Geosciences, 3, 410-429.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ijg.2012.32046

[13]   Samy, I. and Mohammed Mostafa, M. (2012) Topographic Attributes Control Ground Water Flow and Groundwater Salinity of Al Ain, UAE: A Predication Method Using Remote Sensing an GIS. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 2, 1-14.

[14]   Sepahvandi, S. (2015) The Effect of Geology and Structural Factors in the Quantitative and Qualitative Changes Eshtehard Water Resources. Environmental Geology Master’s Thesis, Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch, 132 p.

[15]   World Health Organization (WHO) (1993) Study Protocol for the World Health Organization Project to Develop a Quality of Life Assessment Instrument (WHOQOL). Division of Mental Health, Switzerland, Special Report, Quality of Life Research, 2, 153-159.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00435734

[16]   W0rld Health Organization (WHO) (2004) Guidelines for Dring Water WHO. Wuliy, Vol. 102 and 103, WHO, Geneva.

[17]   Nielsen, D.M. (2006) Practical Handbook of Environmental Site Characterization and Ground-Water Monitoring. 2nd Edition, Taylor & Francis Published, United States of American, 1317 p.

[18]   Sedagat, M. (2003) Earth and Water Source (Hydro Geology). Payam Noor University, Iran, 385 p.

 
 
Top