Back
 MSA  Vol.7 No.9 , September 2016
Electrical, Thermal and Mechanical Properties of CNT Treated Prepreg CFRP Composites
Abstract: This study is part of Smart Intelligent Aircraft Structures (SARISTU) project, which aims considerable improvements in aircraft damage tolerance, electrical conductivity and weight reduction besides producibility in industrial scale. In this study, the effect of multiwalled carbon nanotube reinforcement on electrical, thermal and mechanical properties of T800/M21 carbon fibre reinforced plastic is studied experimentally. T800/M21 is a commercial prepreg carbon fibre/epoxy composite material considered for CNT treatment by means of CNT-doped thermoplastic-based dry powder. The CNTs are deposited on top of prepreg material uniformly using a controlled spraying machine selecting the best state-of-the art and innovative performing technology from the candidate technologies within the project. The electrical conductivity of the composite material with/without CNT is measured in longitudinal, transverse and thickness directions. The changes occurring in the electrical conductivity of the composite materials are investigated. In order to investigate thermal behaviour of the composite materials, differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analyses are performed. Detailed thermal analysis is conducted for with/without carbon nanotube reinforced material to obtain the thermal conductivity, specific heat and thermal expansion coefficient of the material. Finally, the effect of carbon nanotube reinforcement on mechanical behaviours is studied by tensile, bending and shear tests.
Cite this paper: Akcin, Y. , Karakaya, S. and Soykasap, O. (2016) Electrical, Thermal and Mechanical Properties of CNT Treated Prepreg CFRP Composites. Materials Sciences and Applications, 7, 465-483. doi: 10.4236/msa.2016.79041.
References

[1]   Florez, S., Gaztelumendi, I. and Gayosa, J. (2016) Smart Intelligent Aircraft Structures (SARISTU). Springer, London

[2]   Kinloch, A.J.R., Mohammed, D., Taylor, A.C., Eger, C., Sprenger, S. and Egan, D. (2006) The Effect of Silica Nano Particles and Rubber Particles on the Toughness of Multiphase Thermosetting Epoxy Polymers. Journal of Materials Science, 4, 1293-1307.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10853-005-7261-1

[3]   Ogasawara, T., Hirano, Y. and Yoshimura, A. (2010) Coupled Thermal-Electrical Analysis for Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Composites Exposed to Simulated Lightning Current. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 41, 973-981.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2010.04.001

[4]   Feller, J., Linossier, I. and Grohens, Y. (2002) Conductive Polymer Composites: Comparative Study of Poly(ester)-Short Carbon Fibres and Poly(epoxy)-Short Carbon Fibres Mechanical and Electrical Properties. Materials Letters, 71, 57-64.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0167-577x(02)00700-0

[5]   Bal, S. (2010) Experimental Study of Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Carbon Nanofiber/Epoxy Composites. Materials and Design, 31, 2406-2413.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2009.11.058

[6]   Alva, A. and Raja, S. (2011) Dynamic Characteristics of Epoxy Hybrid Nanocomposites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 30, 1857-1867.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684411429394

[7]   Ayatollahi, M.R., Shokrieh, M.M., Shadlou, S., Kefayati, A.R. and Chitsazzadeh, M. (2011) Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Epoxy/Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube/Nanoclay Nanocomposites. Iranian Polymer Journal, 10, 835-843.

[8]   Allaouia, A., Baia, S., Cheng, H. and Bai, J. (2002) Mechanical and Electrical Properties of a MWNT/Epoxy Composite. Composites Science and Technology, 62, 1993-1998.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(02)00129-X

[9]   Gojnya, F.H., Wichmanna, M.H., Fiedler, B., Bauhofer, W. and Schulte, K. (2005) Influence of Nano-Modification on the Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Conventional Fibre- Reinforced Composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 36, 1525-1535.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2005.02.007

[10]   Ramirez, V., Hogg, P. and Sampson, W. (2015) The Influence of the Nonwoven Veil Architectures on Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Interleaved Composites. Composites Science and Technology, 110, 103-110.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2015.01.016

[11]   Kostopoulos, V., Baltopoulos, A., Karapappas, P., Vavouliotis, A. and Paipetis, A. (2010) Impact and After-Impact Properties of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Composites Enhanced with Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes. Composites Science and Technology, 70, 553-563.

[12]   Gojny, F.H., Wichmann, M.H., Fiedler, B., Kinloch, I.A., Bauhofer, W., Windle, A.H. and Schulte, K. (2006) Evaluation and Identification of Electrical and Thermal Conduction Mechanisms in Carbon Nanotube/Epoxy Composites. Polymer, 47, 2036-2045.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2006.01.029

[13]   Moisala, A., Li, Q., Kinloch, I. and Windle, A. (2006) Thermal and Electrical Conductivity of Single- and Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube-Epoxy Composites. Composites Science and Technology, 66, 1285-1288.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2005.10.016

[14]   Lonjon, A., Demont, P., Dantras, E. and Lacabanne, C. (2012) Electrical Conductivity Improvement of Aeronautical Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polyepoxy Composites by Insertion of Carbon Nanotubes. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 358, 1859-1862.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.05.038

[15]   Lin, Y., Gigliotti, M., Lafarie-Frenot, M.C. and Bai, J. (2015) Effect of Carbon Nanotubes on the Thermoelectric Properties of CFRP Laminate for Aircraft Applications. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 34, 173-184.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684414565940

[16]   Chang, M.S. (2010) An Investigation on the Dynamic Behavior and Thermal Properties of MWCNTs/FRP Laminate Composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 29, 3593-3599.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684410379510

[17]   Kim, S., Kim, J.T., Kim, H., Rhee, K. and Kathi, J. (2012) Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Epoxy/Carbon Fiber Composites Reinforced with Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. Journal of Macromo-lecular Science, Part B: Physics, 51, 358-367.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222348.2011.596799

[18]   Siddiqui, N.A., Khan, S.U., Ma, P.C., Li, C.Y. and Kim, J.-K. (2011) Manufacturing and Characterization of Carbon Fibre/Epoxy Composite Prepregs Containing Carbon Nanotubes. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 42, 1412-1420.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2011.06.005

[19]   Tong, X.C. (2011) Advanced Materials for Thermal Management of Electronic Packaging. Springer Series in Advanced Microelectronics 30. Springer, New York.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-7759-5

[20]   Mouritz, A. and Gibson, A. (2006) Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials. Springer, Dordrecht.

[21]   Pistor, V., Soares, B.G. and Mauler, R.S. (2012) Kinetic Degradation of Hybrid Polymer Nanocomposites.
http://www.4spepro.org/pdf/004453/004453.pdf

[22]   Loos, M.R., Coelho, L.A.F., PezzinI, S.H. and Amico, S.C. (2008) The Effect of Acetone Addition on the Properties of Epoxy. Polímeros, 18, 76-80.

[23]   Levchik, S.V. and Weil, E.D. (2004) Thermal Decomposition, Combustion and Flame-Retardancy of Epoxy Resins—A Review of the Recent Literature. Polymer International, 53, 1901-1929.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pi.1473

[24]   Pistor, V., Ornaghi, F.G., Ornaghi Jr., H.L. and Zattera, A.J. (2012) Degradation Kinetic of Epoxy Nanocomposites Containing Different Percentage of Epoxycyclohexyl-POSS. Polymer Composites, 33, 1224-1232.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pc.22181

[25]   Mittal, V. (2010) Polymer Nanotube Nano-composites: Synthesis, Properties and Applications. Wiley-Scrivener, New Jersey.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470905647

[26]   Choudhary, V. and Gupta, A. (2011) Carbon Nanotubes—Polymer Nanocomposites. InTech, Rijeka.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/18423

[27]   Yu, H., Lu, C., Xi, T., Luo, L., Ning, J. and Xiang, C. (2005) Thermal Decomposition of the Carbon Nanotube/SiO2 Precursor Powders. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 82, 97-101.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-005-0847-7

[28]   Chang, C.-W., Tseng, J.-M., Horng, J.-J. and Shu, C.-M. (2008) Thermal Decomposition of Carbon Nanotube/Al2O3 Powders by DSC Testing. Composites Science and Technology, 68, 2954-2959.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2007.11.011

[29]   MCguire, N.K. (2002) Negative-Coefficient Materials Can Point the Way to Positive Value in the Right Matrixes.
http://pubs.acs.org/subscribe/archive/tcaw/11/i11/pdf/1102mcguire.pdf

[30]   HexPly® M18/1.
http://www.hexcel.com/Resources/DataSheets/Prepreg-Data-Sheets/M18_1_eu.pdf

[31]   Torayca T800H Data Sheet.
http://www.toraycfa.com/pdfs/T800HDataSheet.pdf

[32]   Rios, P., Kenig, S., Cohen, R. and Shechter, A. (2013) The Effect of Carbon Nanotubes on the Thermal Expansion Isotropy of Injection Molded Carbon Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastics. Polymer Composites, 34, 1367-1374.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pc.22551

[33]   Sathyanarayana, S. and Hübner, C. (2013) Structural Nanocomposites. Springer, Berlin.

[34]   Flores, S. and Gayoso, J. (2016) Enhancement of Primary Structure Robustness by Improved Damage Tolerance. In: Wolcken, P.C. and Papadopoulos, M., Eds., Smart Intelligent Aircraft Structures (SARISTU), Springer, Cham, 763-775.

 
 
Top