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 JEAS  Vol.6 No.3 , September 2016
Sol-Gel γ-Al2O3 Nanoparticles Assessment of the Removal of Eosin Yellow Using: Adsorption, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Parameters
Abstract: The adsorption behavior of eosin yellow (EY) from aqueous solution onto γ-Al2O3 nanoparticles in batch technique was studied. γ-Al2O3 NPs was prepared and characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD and FTIR analysis. The effect of pH, dosage of adsorbent, contact time, temperature, and the initial concentration of dye was investigated. The maximum amount of dye removal found about 99.36% at pH4, the adsorption dose 1g/L, with the initial dye concentration of 100 mg/L, and the temperature of 25&deg;C, with contact time 120 min. The adsorption behavior of the eosin yellow dye is applicable to Langmuir isotherm model, with the maximum sorption capacity of 47.78 mg/g of γ-Al2O3. The kinetic data also described by the pseudo-second-order model with a correlation coefficient (0.9999), and the mechanism of the process showed a multi-linear steps and the intra-particle diffusion was not only rate controlling step. The adsorption process was endothermic with positive enthalpy of 121.8 kJ/mol, and showed spontaneous process with a mean free energy -5.19 kJ/mol, and increase randomness, 369.77 J/mol. k, at the adsorbent solution interface. The adsorption process was chemisorption in nature The activation energy estimated from Arrhenius and modified Arrhenius is 40.9 kJ/mol, 106.37 kJ/mol respectively. The sticking probability of EY onto Al2O3 NPs very high estimated from the value of S* < 1, (4.82E-19).
Cite this paper: Thabet, M. and Ismaiel, A. (2016) Sol-Gel γ-Al2O3 Nanoparticles Assessment of the Removal of Eosin Yellow Using: Adsorption, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Parameters. Journal of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences, 6, 70-90. doi: 10.4236/jeas.2016.63007.
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