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 OJG  Vol.6 No.8 , August 2016
Facies, Sedimentary Environment and Sequence Stratigraphy of Dalan Formation in South Fars, Iran —(Qatar-South Fars Arch) Well ASL-A
Abstract: Dalan Formation is one of the most important gas reservoirs of south and southwest Iran which it belongs to Dehram Group and its age is Middle to Late Permian. The Dalan formation is interpreted as reflecting a major tectono-eustatic event related to the onset of rapid thermal subsidence of the early Neo-Tethys passive margin in Arabia and Iran, and the drowning of its rift shoulders. The Dalan formation consists mainly of medium to thick-bedded oolitic to micritic shallow-marine carbonate, with intercalations of evaporates. This formation overlies the Faraghan formation and extends up into the Lower Triassic kangan formation. The current paper is focused on the facies, sedimentary environment and sequence Stratigraphy study of the Middle to Upper Permian Dalan formation in the West Assaluyeh gas field the subsurface section of well ASL-A. Based on microfacies analysis and significant founa and flora, nineteen major facies in five facies associations including Tidal flat (A), Lagoon (B), Shoal (C), Open marine (D) and Mid ramp (E) were recognized in the Dalan formation. Facies analysis and those comparisons with modern and ancient environments indicated that the Dalan formation was deposited inner to mid parts of a homoclinal ramp. The sequence stratigraphy studies on the Dalan formation in this gas field led to assessment of seven main sedimentary sequences of the third-order in the Assaluyeh field, well ASL-A. The boundary between the third-order sequences with the Faraghan formation and between the Nar and Upper Dalan members are Subaerial Unconformity (SU) and the boundaries between the third-order sequences with each other and also with the Kangan formation are Correlative Conformity (CC). The main diagenetic processes in this formation are dolomitization, dissolution, anhydritization, cementation and compaction which played a significant role in improving reservoir quality. The shoal ooid grainstone facies with intergranular and oomoldic porosity comprise the main reservoir facies of the Dalan formation.
Cite this paper: Rezavand, N. , Jahani, D. and Asilian, H. (2016) Facies, Sedimentary Environment and Sequence Stratigraphy of Dalan Formation in South Fars, Iran —(Qatar-South Fars Arch) Well ASL-A. Open Journal of Geology, 6, 944-962. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2016.68071.
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