The present study analyzes the information and perception of the local community of Samagaun VDC, Manaslu Conservation Area Project (MCAP) regarding Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D. Don) Soó (Orchidaceae). We assessed the local peoples’ perception on its population status, its availability, factors causing its decline and management practices of this terrestrial orchids. A pre-designed questionnaire was used to gather information targeting the age group between 25 and 60 years (n = 75, 45 male and 30 female). Most of the informants (76%) believe that the abundance of this orchid is declining. Over grazing of domestic animals, over harvesting and lack of awareness among the local community were determined to be the major causes of decline of D. hatagirea in the study area. Protection measures as prescribed by the informants were control grazing, raising awareness among the individuals and sustainable harvestings for the long-term conservation of the species. Systematic management plans that incorporate the participation of local individuals and prioritization of their views will be applicable for the proper conservation of the species.
 Lykke, A.M. (2000) Local Perceptions of Vegetation Change and Priorities for Conservation of Woody-Savanna Vegetation in Senegal. Journal of Environmental Management, 59, 107-120.
 Bhattarai, P., Pandey, B., Gautam, R.K. and Chhetri, R. (2014) Ecology and Conservation Status of Threatened Orchid Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D. Don) Soo in Manaslu Conservation Area, Central Nepal. American Journal of Plant Science, 5, 3483-3491.
 Ghimire, S., McKey, D. and Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y. (2004) Heterogeneity in Ethnoecological Knowledge and Management of Medicinal Plants in the Himalayas of Nepal: Implications for Conservation. Ecology and Society, 9, 6.
 Salasfky, N. and Wollenberg, E. (2000) Linking Livelihoods and Conservation: A Conceptual Framework and Scale for Assessing the Integration of Human Needs and Biodiversity. World Development, 28, 1421-1438.
 Balemie, K. and Kebebew, F. (2006) Ethnobotanical Study of Wild Edible Plants in Derashe and Kucha Districts, South Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 2, 53.
 Karanth, K.K. and Nepal, S.K. (2012) Local Residents Perception of Benefits and Losses from Protected Areas in India and Nepal. Environmental Management, 49, 372-386.
 Dalle, S.P. and Potvin, C. (2004) Conservation of Useful Plants: An Evaluation of Local Priorities from Two Indigenous Communities in Eastern Panama. Economic Botany, 58, 38-57.
 Uprety, Y., Poudel, R.C., Asselin, H., Boon, E.K. and Shrestha, K.K. (2011) Stakeholder Perspectives on Use, Trade, and Conservation of Medicinal Plants in the Rasuwa District of Central Nepal. Journal of Mountain Science, 8, 75-86.
 Potvin, C., Revéret, J.P., Patenaude, G. and Hutton, J. (2002) The role of Indigenous Peoples in Conservation Actions: A Case Study of Cultural Differences and Conservation Priorities. In: Prestre, P.L., Ed., Governing Global Biodiversity: The Evolution and Implementation of the Convention of Biological Diversity, Ashgate Publishing Company, Aldershot, 159-176.
 Acharya, K.P., Chaudhary, R.P. and Vetaas, O.R. (2009) Medicinal Plants of Nepal: Distribution Pattern along an Elevation Gradient and Effectiveness of Existing Protected Areas for Their Conservation. Banko Janakari, 19, 16-22.
 Warghat, A.R., Bajpai, P.K., Srivastava, R.B., Chaurasia, O.P. and Sood, H. (2013) Population Gennetic Structure and Conservation of Small Fragmented Location of Dactylorhiza hatagirea in Ladakh Region of India. Scientia Horticulturae, 164, 448-454.
 Phoboo, S., Devkota, A. and Jha, P.K. (2008) Medicinal Plants in Nepal—An Overview. In: Jha, P.K., Karmacharya, S.B., Chhetri, M.K., Thapa, C.B. and Shreshtha, B.B., Eds., Medicinal Plants in Nepal: An Anthology of Contemporary Research, Ecological Society (ECOS), Nepal, 1-24.
 Thakur, M. and Dixit, V.K. (2007) Aphrodisiac Activity of Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D. Don) Soó in Male Albino Rats. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 4, 29-31.
 Giri, D. and Tamta, S. (2010) A General Account on Traditional Medicinal Uses of Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D. Don) Soó. New York Science Journal, 3, 78-79.
 Uniyal, S.K., Awasthi, A. and Rawat, G.S. (2002) Current Status and Distribution of Commercially Exploited Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Upper Gori Valley, Kumaon Himalaya, Uttaranchal. Current Science, 82, 1246-1252.
 Kala, C.P. (2005) Indigenous Uses, Population Density, and Conservation of Threatened Medicinal Plants in Protected Areas of the Indian Himalaya. Conservation Biology, 19, 368-378.
 Rinchen, T., Pant, S. and Anwar, M. (2012) Population Census of Critically Endangered Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D. Don) Soó in Suru Valley, (Cold Desert Region, Jammu and Kashmir, India). International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 4, 332-335.
 Durbin, J.C. and Ralambo, J.A. (1994) The Role of Local People on Successful Maintenance of Protected Areas in Madagascar. Environmental Conservation, 21, 115-120.
 Denslow, J.S. (1995) Disturbance and Diversity in Tropical Rain Forests: The Density Effect. Ecological Application, 5, 962-968.
 Dhar, U., Rawal, R.S. and Upreti, J. (2000) Setting Priorities for Conservation of Medicinal Plants—A Case Study in the Indian Himalaya. Biological Conservation, 95, 57-65.
 Camou-Guerrero, A., Victoria Reyes-García, V., Martínez-Ramos, M. and Casas, A. (2008) Knowledge and Use Value of Plant Species in a Rarámuri Community: A Gender Perspective for Conservation. Human Ecology, 36, 259-272.
 Shrestha, U.B. and Bawa, K.S. (2014) Harvesters’ Perceptions of Population Status and Conservation of Chinese Caterpillar Fungus in the Dolpa Region of Nepal. Regional Environmental Change, 15, 1731-1741.
 Ahmed, M.R. and Laarman, J.G. (2000) Gender Equity in Social Forestry Programs in Bangladesh. Human Ecology, 28, 3433-3450.
 Shrestha, R. and Alavalapati, J. (2006) Linking Conservation and Development: An Analysis of Local People’s Attitude towards Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 8, 69-84.
 Olea, P.P. and Mateo-Tomas, P. (2009) The Role of Traditional Farming Practice in Ecosystem Conservation: The Case of Transhumance and Vulture. Biological Conservation, 142, 1844-1853.
 Heywood, V.H. and Irindo, J.M. (2003) Plant Conservation: Old Problems, New Perspectives. Biological Conservation, 113, 321-335.