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 OJG  Vol.6 No.7 , July 2016
Simultaneous Effect of Convergence and Reducing Slope of Chute Construction on the Economic of the Plan and Cavitation Index (Case Study: Daharan Dam)
Abstract: The Daharan Dam, like other dams, is subject to concrete surface wear or cavitation in the chute structure. This article looks into the concurrent effects of decreasing the chute angle and slope profile changes from a single slope to a double slope and the simultaneous latitudinal convergence of the chute structure on the cavitation index and the economy of project. In order to perform this research, the geometric specifications were collected of the dam, and the chute structure as well as those of a flood with a return period of 1000 years, which make up the basis of the spillway design. Taking advantage of the numerical WS77 model, different modes were simulated with a single slope, double slope with fixed latitude, double slope with latitudinal convergence, and the cavitation index and the excavation volumes for each option were calculated. The results indicated that a decrease in slope led to a rise in the cavitation index to over 1.2 and that the convergence of the chute structure positively affected the increase in the cavitation index.
Cite this paper: Ghodousi, H. and Abedini, A. (2016) Simultaneous Effect of Convergence and Reducing Slope of Chute Construction on the Economic of the Plan and Cavitation Index (Case Study: Daharan Dam). Open Journal of Geology, 6, 617-625. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2016.67048.
References

[1]   Akbari, G. (2012) A Survey of the Cavitation Phenomenon on Minab Dam Spillway. 11th Conference of Hydraulics in Iran, Orumie University, October 2012, 2.

[2]   Foroudi, A., Sanei, M. and Ajdari-Moghaddam, M. (2014) A Laboratory Study of Cavitation Index Changes in Ogee Spillway with Arch in Plan and Converging Spillway Walls. 8th National Congress on Civil Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, April 2014, 4.

 
 
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