OALibJ  Vol.2 No.6 , June 2015
Determinant Factors of Women’s Participation in Functional Adult Literacy Programme in Bahir Dar Zuria Woreda, North West Ethiopia
Abstract: Functional Adult Literacy Programme has a central role to play in boosting the social, economical and political development of the country in general and the beneficiaries in particular. It is apparent that the government of Ethiopia makes tremendous efforts to reduce the rate of illiteracy and enhance new skills to improve standard of living for adult learners through Functional Adult Literacy programme in the country. Nevertheless, studies and reports show that literacy rate and participation of women in Functional Adult Literacy Programme across location are insignificant in magnitude. Therefore, the aim of the present study was designed to identify factors affecting women’s participation in functional adult literacy related to socio-demographic and organizational factors at Bahir Dar Zuria Woreda, North West Ethiopia. Quantitative research approach with descriptive survey research design was employed. About 184 registered women were selected from 3 rural kebeles of Literacy Centers through simple random sampling with lottery techniques by taking their names from the total number of registered women. Descriptive statistics, univariate and multiple binary logistic regression analyses were used to determine the effect of factors on the outcome variable and to control possible confounders. Statistical tests were done at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that 65 (35.3%) and 119 (64.7%) of respondents were participant and non-participant women in Functional Adult Literacy Centers respectively. Results on multiple logistic regression provided that married women (AOR = 0.135 [95% CI: 0.024 - 0.758]) and divorced women (AOR = 0.054 [95% CI: 0.006 - 0.529]) both relative to widowed women; high work load (AOR = 3.326 [95% CI: 1.261 - 8.768]) relative to low work load; and class schedule conflict (AOR = 8.009 [95% CI: 3.190 - 20.11]) relative to no class schedule conflict have significant association. Local government body in collaboration with Adult Education Bureau is recommended to provide massive awareness creation about gender equality for adult learners and the local communities.
Cite this paper: Tiruaynet, K. (2015) Determinant Factors of Women’s Participation in Functional Adult Literacy Programme in Bahir Dar Zuria Woreda, North West Ethiopia. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-6. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101618.

[1]   Denial, A.A. and Kofi, A. (2009) The Impact of Functional Adult Literacy on Socio-Economic Lives of Agona District of Ghana. Edo Journal of Counseling, 2.

[2]   Oluoch, A., Tmo, A. and Enose, S. (2014) Adult Literacy Programme in Vihiga: The Capacity of Facilitators to Produce Learners with Functional Skills. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 4.

[3]   UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (2007) Making a Difference: Effective Practices in Literacy in Africa. UNESCO, Hamburg.

[4]   Institute for International Cooperation of German/IIZ/DV (2011) Literacy, Skills Training and Entrepreneurship Support for Rural Women in Ethiopia. Bonn, Germany.

[5]   Corus, C. and Ozanne, L. (2011) Critical Literacy Programes: Can Business Literacy Be a Catalyst for Economic and Social Change? Journal of Macro Marketing, 3, 184-198.

[6]   Verner, D. (2005) Policy Research Working Paper 3496, January 2005.

[7]   UNESCO (2013) Adult and Youth Literacy National, Regional and Global Trends, 1985-2015. UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Canada.

[8]   Mualuka, J., Hellen, M., Odeo, I. and Samuel, O. (2009) Adult Education Learners’ Recruitment: Challenges and Prospects for Re-Engineered Access to Adult Education in Kenya. Educational Research and Review, 4, 345-353.

[9]   Manda, P.F. (2009) Women’s Participation in Adult Literacy Programme: A Case of Kabompo District in North Western Province. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University of Zambia, Lusaka.

[10]   Ministry of Education (2006) National Adult Education Strategy. Addis Ababa.

[11]   Ministry of Education (2008) National Adult Education Strategy. Addis Ababa.

[12]   Ministry of Education (2005) The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Education Sector Development Program III, (ESDP-III) 2005/2006-2010/2011, (1998 EFY-2002 EFY). Program Action Plan. Addis Ababa.

[13]   Mammo, K. (2005) Ethiopia: Where and Who Are the World’s Illiterates? Background Paper Prepared for the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2006, Literacy for Life.

[14]   Central Statistical Authority (2005) Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

[15]   Amhara Regional State Education Bureau (2013) Education Annual Abstract of the Region. Data Collection and Dissemination Supporting Process in the Regional Education Bureau, Bahir Dar.

[16]   Gelana, G. and Hindeya, H. (2013) The Impact of Gender Role on Women Involvement in Functional Adult Literacy in Ethiopia: A Review. The International Journal of Social Sciences, 9.

[17]   Central Statistical Authority (2011) Central Statistical Authority Abstract of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

[18]   Abideen, A.O. and Oladiran, I.O. (2013) Adult Learners’ Demographic Variables as Predictor of Access and Participation in Literacy Programmes in Oyo and Ondo States, Nigeria. Academic Journals, 8, 956-966.