OJCM  Vol.6 No.3 , July 2016
The Origin of the Giant Hall Effect in Metal-Insulator Composites
Abstract: Near the metal-insulator transition, the Hall coefficient R of metal-insulator composites (M-I composite) can be up to 104 times larger than that in the pure metal called Giant Hall effect. Applying the physical model for alloys with phase separation developed in [1] [2], we conclude that the Giant Hall effect is caused by an electron transfer away from the metallic phase to the insulating phase occupying surface states. These surface states are the reason for the granular structure typical for M-I composites. This electron transfer can be described by [1] [2], provided that long-range diffusion does not happen during film production (n is the electron density in the phase A. uand uB are the volume fractions of the phase A (metallic phase) and phase B (insulator phase). β is a measure for the average potential difference between the phases A and B). A formula for calculation of R of composites is derived and applied to experimental data of granular Cu1-y(SiO2)y and Ni1-y(SiO2)y films.
Cite this paper: Sonntag, J. (2016) The Origin of the Giant Hall Effect in Metal-Insulator Composites. Open Journal of Composite Materials, 6, 78-90. doi: 10.4236/ojcm.2016.63008.

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