Back
 OJCM  Vol.6 No.3 , July 2016
Effect of Fiber Weight Ratio and Fiber Modification on Flexural Properties of Posidonia-Polyester Composites
Abstract: The main objective of this research is to study the effect of fiber weight ratio and chemical fiber modification on flexural properties of composites reinforced with Posidonia fiber. An unsaturated polyester matrix reinforced with untreated and treated Posidonia fibers was fabricated under various fiber weight ratios. Results showed that the combined chemical treatment provided better mechanical properties of composites in comparison with untreated fiber. The fiber weight ratio influenced the flexural properties of composites. Indeed, a maximum value of flexural modulus was observed for 10% fiber weight ratio for composites reinforced with treated fibers. SEM photographs revealed a different fracture surface between Posidonia fibers reinforced polyester composites.
Cite this paper: Zannen, S. , Ghali, L. , Halimi, M. and Hassen, M. (2016) Effect of Fiber Weight Ratio and Fiber Modification on Flexural Properties of Posidonia-Polyester Composites. Open Journal of Composite Materials, 6, 69-77. doi: 10.4236/ojcm.2016.63007.
References

[1]   Raju, G.U., Gaitonde, V.N. and Kumarappa, S. (2012) Experimental Study on Optimization of Thermal Properties of Groundnut Shell Particle Reinforced Polymer Composites. International Journal of Emerging Sciences, 2, 433-454.

[2]   Joseph, P.V., Marcelo, S. and Rabello, L.H.C. (2002) Environmental Effects on the Degradation Behaviour of Sisal Fibre Reinforced Polypropylene Composites. Composites Science and Technology, 62, 1357-1372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(02)00080-5

[3]   Dhakal, H.N., Zhang, Z.Y. and Richardson, M.O.W. (2007) Effect of Water Absorption on the Mechanical Properties of Hemp Fibre Reinforced Unsaturated Polyester Composites. Composites Science and Technology, 67, 1674-1683. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2006.06.019

[4]   Paul, S.A., Boudenne, A., Ibos, L., Candau, Y., Joseph, K. and Thomas, S. (2008) Effect of Fiber Loading and Chemical Treatments on Thermophysical Properties of Banana Fiber/Polypropylene Commingled Composite Materials. Composites Part A, 39, 1582-1588. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2008.06.004

[5]   Sutharson, B., Rajendran, M., Devadasan, S.R. and Selvam, B. (2012) Effect of Chemical Treatments on Mechanical Properties of Jute Fiber Hybrid Composite Laminates. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 7, No. 6.

[6]   Herrera-Franco, P.J. and Valadez-González, A. (2005) A Study of the Mechanical Properties of Short Natural-Fiber Reinforced Composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, 36, 597-608. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2005.04.001

[7]   Bledzki, A.K. and Gassan, J. (1999) Composites Reinforced with Cellulose Based Fibres. Progress in Polymer Science, 24, 221- 274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6700(98)00018-5

[8]   Bessadok, A., Marais, S., Gouanve, F., Colasse, L., Zimmerlin, I., Roudesli, S. and Me’tayer, M. (2007) Effect of Chemical Treatments of Alfa (Stipa tenacissima) Fibres on Water-Sorption Properties. Composites Science and Technology, 67, 685-697. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2006.04.013

[9]   Sydenstricker, T.H.D., et al. (2003) Pull-Out and Other Evaluations in Sisal Reinforced Polyester Biocomposites. Polymer Testing, 22, 375-380. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0142-9418(02)00116-2

[10]   Munawar, S., et al. (2008) Effects of Alkali, Mild Steam, and Chitosan Treatments on the Properties of Pineapple, Ramie, and Sansevieria Fiber Bundles. Journal of Wood Science, 54, 28-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10086-007-0903-y

[11]   Le Troedec, M., Sedan, D., Peyratout, C., Bonnet, J.P., Smith, A., Guinebretiere, R., Gloaguen, V. and Krausz, P. (2008) Influence of Various Chemical Treatments on the Composition and Structure of Hemp Fibres. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 39, 514-522. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2007.12.001

[12]   Andersson, M. and Tillman, A.M. (1989) Acetylation of Jute: Effects on Strength, Rot Resistance, and Hydrophobicity. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 37, 3437. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.1989.070371214

[13]   Aguir, C. (2010) Chemical Modification of Posidonia with Cyclic Anhydrides: Effect on Thermal Stability. Carbohydrate Research, 345, 264-269. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carres.2009.11.006

[14]   Aguir, C. (2006) Experimental Study on Carboxymethylation of Cellulose Extracted from Posidonia oceanica. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 98, 1808-1816. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.22713

[15]   Ncibi, M.C. (2007) Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies of Methylene Blue Biosorption by Posidonia oceanica (L.) Fibres. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 139, 280-285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.06.029

[16]   Khiari, R. (2010) Chemical Composition and Pulping of Date Palm Rachis and Posidonia oceanica—A Comparison with Other Wood and Non-Wood Fibre Sources. Bioresource Technology, 101, 775-780. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2009.08.079

[17]   Khiari, R. (2011) New Lignocellulosic Fibres-Reinforced Composite Materials: A Step Forward in the Valorisation of the Posidonia Oceanic Balls. Composites Science and Technology, 71, 1867-1872. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2011.08.022

[18]   Li, X. (2007) Chemical Treatments of Natural Fiber for Use in Natural Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Review. Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 15, 25-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10924-006-0042-3

[19]   Ghali, L., et al. (2011) Effects of Fiber Weight Ratio, Structure and Fiber Modification onto Flexural Properties of Luffa-Polyester Composites. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 1, 78-85.

[20]   Ferrero, B., Fombuena, V., Fenollar, O., Boronat, T. and Balart, R. (2014) Development of Natural Fiber-Reinforced Plastics (NFRP) Based on Biobased Polyethylene and Waste Fibers from Posidonia Oceanic Seaweed. Polymer Composites, 36, 1378-1385. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pc.23042

[21]   Ravi Kumar, N., Ranga Rao, C.H., Raghava Rao, B. and Srinivas, K. (2014) Mechanical Properties of Vakka Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 3, 1162-1166.

 
 
Top