Back
 ChnStd  Vol.5 No.3 , August 2016
A Probe into the Anti-Corruption Mechanism behind Ming Dynasty’s Appointment of Touring Censorial Inspectors and the Causes for Its Failure
Abstract: Since the 18th CPC National Congress, China has made a giant leap in anti-corruption movement. To look back on the past, Ming Dynasty’s touring censorial inspector was truly typical of the inspection regime in ancient China, because appointment of the feudal official thereof epitomized a well-designed counter-corruption mechanism, which was consisted of official selection, official supervision, touring obligation and returning examination. Naturally, such mechanism could have been contributed a lot to the anti-corruption campaign at that time. Moreover, it could be a valuable guide for the current Central Leading Group for Inspection Work, functioning like the inspector, to wipe out corruption. Instead, that appointment finally failed to save Ming Dynasty from perishing. Consequently, the dynasty went to collapse because of its own design of political institution, social institution and cultural tradition. Now these causes can still help the Central Leading Group exterminate corruption. In a nutshell, these are a great treasure passed down.
Cite this paper: Yang, L. , Wang, Y. and Yang, S. (2016) A Probe into the Anti-Corruption Mechanism behind Ming Dynasty’s Appointment of Touring Censorial Inspectors and the Causes for Its Failure. Chinese Studies, 5, 35-44. doi: 10.4236/chnstd.2016.53005.
References

[1]   Ai Yongming 艾永明 (2013). Alienation and Drawbacks of “Touring Inspection” System in Ming and Qing 明清“巡视”制度的异化与弊害. Policy Research & Exploration (Published in the Second Half of Each Month), 7, 74-76.

[2]   Cai Minglun 蔡明伦 (2014). Rise and Fall of Touring Censorial Inspector System in Ming Dynasty 明代巡按御史制度的兴废. China Discipline Inspection Daily, 20, 62-63.

[3]   Chen Shi 陈实 (2002). Basic Characteristics and Reference of Ancient Chinese Inspection System 中国古代监察制的基本特征及其借鉴意义. Theory Journal, 6, 120-121.

[4]   Dai Changzheng 戴长征 (2013). Struggle between Corruption and Anti-Corruption under the Perspective of Sociopolitical Ecology 社会生态视角下的腐败与反腐败斗争. Exploration and Free Views, 2, 8-10.

[5]   Li Guanglian 李广廉 (2010). Lectures on the History of Ming Dynasty 明史讲稿 (pp. 16-17). Beijing: Central Radio & TV University Press.

[6]   Liang Erming 梁尔鸣 (2007). Discussion on the Supervising Power of Touring Censorial Inspector in Ming Dynasty 论明代巡按御史的考察职权. History Teaching (Higher Education Edition), 8, 16-20.

[7]   Liu Qiju 刘启君 (2013). The Empirical Analysis of China Corruption since the Reform and Opening up 改革开放以来中国腐败状况实证分析. CASS Journal of Political Science, 6, 39-51.

[8]   Qiu Yongming, & Zhu Lianhua 邱永明, 朱莲华 (1999). A Brief View on Practice of Supervision System in Ancient China 略论我国古代监察制度的运行机制和方式. Journal of Shanghai University (Social Science Edition), 5, 62-68.

[9]   Qiu Yongming, & Zhu Lianhua 邱永明, 朱莲华 (1994). A Brief View on Characteristics, Benefits and Drawbacks of Ancient China’s Inspection Institution 略论中国古代监察体制的特点及其利弊. Journal of Shanghai University (Social Science Edition), 3, 59-65.

[10]   Sun Chengze 孙承泽 (1993). Accounts Made during the Intervals of Dream in the City of Spring-Bright 春明梦余录. Shanghai: Shanghai Ancient Books Publishing House.

[11]   Tang Jianhua, & Song Xiaohui 汤建华, 宋晓辉 (2002). Evolution and Reference of Ancient Chinese Inspection System 中国古代监察制度的演变及借鉴意义. Qiushi Journal, 9, 49-52.

[12]   Tang Jin 唐进 (2014). Establishment and Evolution of Ancient China’s Local Inspection Organs 中国古代地方监察机构的设置及演变. Chinese Public Administration, 10, 121-122.

[13]   Wan Sitong 万斯同 (2008). The History of Ming Dynasty 明史. Shanghai: Shanghai Ancient Books Publishing House.

[14]   Wang Xiaotian 王晓天 (2004). Several Problems of Ancient Chinese Inspection System Study 中国古代监察制度史研究的几个问题. Exploration, 12, 233-237.

[15]   Xu Xiaoguang, & Lu Baojun 徐晓光, 路保均 (1998). An Overview of Ancient China’s Anti-Corruption Law System 中国古代反腐惩贪法律制度述要. Modern Law Science, 4, 112-117.

[16]   Yu Xing’an 余兴安 (1992). A Study of Ming Dynasty’s Touring Censorial Inspection System 明代巡按御史制度研究. Journal of Chinese Historical Studies, 1, 74-84.

[17]   Zhang Guo’an 张国安 (2009). Discussions and Reference on Inspection System in Ancient China 论中国古代监察制度及其现代借鉴. Law Review, 2, 149-153.

[18]   Zhang Luji 张卤辑 (1995). Constitution Outline of Ming Dynasty 皇明制书. Shanghai: Shanghai Ancient Books Publishing House.

[19]   Zhang Tingyu 张廷玉 (1974). The History of Ming Dynasty 明史. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.

[20]   Zhang Yamin 张亚敏 (2014). Analysis of Causes and Measures for China’s Corruption under the Perspective of Asymmetric Information 信息不对称理论视角下我国腐败的成因与对策分析. Today’s Hubei (Late Month Journal), 6, 89-90.

 
 
Top