Back
 ENG  Vol.8 No.6 , June 2016
Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis for Usage Based Optimization of Powertrains
Abstract: The electrification of powertrains leads to an increasing diversification of powertrain configurations. Each single configuration has its specific advantages which appear depending on the usage profile. To find the usage based optimal powertrain in consideration of a variety of evaluation criteria, the powertrains have to be optimized for the usage profile and characteristics have to be extracted from the usage profile. The carbon dioxide emissions of the optimized powertrains and usage based criteria are used in a multi-criteria decision analysis to determine the optimal powertrain for a specific usage profile. The description of characteristic maps forms the objective function of a minimization problem. The determined carbon dioxide emissions are one criterion in a multi-criteria decision process. All considered criteria are at least partly objective so that subjective ratings are eliminated as far as possible. The result is an optimized powertrain for a desired usage under the consideration of objective criteria that are extracted from the usage profile.
Cite this paper: Hellberg, T. and Meywerk, M. (2016) Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis for Usage Based Optimization of Powertrains. Engineering, 8, 320-331. doi: 10.4236/eng.2016.86029.
References

[1]   Saaty, T. and Katz, J. (1990) How to Make a Decision: The Analytic Hierarchy Process. European Journal of Operational Research, 48, 9-26.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0377-2217(90)90057-I

[2]   Amirian, H., Ebrahimi, M.K. and Manson, B.A. (2012) Optimal Selection of an Electric Drive System for a Series Hybrid Vehicle Using Analytic Hierarchy Process. International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, 4, 327-343.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJEHV.2012.053026

[3]   Scripcariu, L. (2015) A Comparison of Some Hybrid Electric Vehicle Batteries. Buletinul Institutului Politehnic din Iasi, 61, 73-80.

[4]   Mehrkish, A., Tahani, M., Ghazanfar, H. Norouzi, G. and Zare, S. (2013) A Study on Systematic Procedure for Choosing the Best Powertrain Configuration in Hybrid Sedan Cars. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 390, 360-364.

[5]   Freyermuth, V., Fallas, E. and Rousseau, A. (2009) Comparison of Powertrain Configuration for Plug-In HEVs from a Fuel Economy Perspective. SAE International Journal of Engines, 1, 392-398.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-0461

[6]   Kim, N., Kwon, J. and Rousseau, A. (2012) Comparison of Powertrain Configuration Options for Plug-In HEVs from a Fuel Economy Perspective. SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1027.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4271/2012-01-1027

[7]   Karbowski, D., Pagerit, S., Kwon, J. and Rousseau, A. (2009) “Fair” Comparison of Powertrain Configurations for Plug-In Hybrid Operation Using Global Optimization. SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-1334.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-1334

[8]   Buerger, S., Lohmann, B., Merz, M., Vogel-Heuser, B. and Hallmannsegger, M. (2010) Multi-Objective Optimization of Hybrid Electric Vehicles Considering Fuel Consumption and Dynamic Performance. Proceedings Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), Lille, 1-3 September 2010, 1-6.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/vppc.2010.5729128

[9]   Eghtessad, M. (2014) Optimale Antriebsstrangkonfigurationen für Elektrofahrzeuge. PhD Dissertation, Technical University Braunschweig, Braunschweig.

[10]   Hellberg, T. and Meywerk, M. (2015) Optimization Framework for Conceptual Powertrain Design. Journal of Mechanics Engineering and Automation, 5, 327-337.
http://dx.doi.org/10.17265/2159-5275/2015.06.001

[11]   Zimmermann, H. and Gutsche, L. (1991) Multi-Criteria Analysis. Springer, Berlin.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-58198-4

[12]   Schulte-Coerne, C. (2015) Multikriterielle integrierte Systemoptimierung von hybriden Plug-In-Antriebssystemen. PhD Thesis, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen.

[13]   Saaty, T. (1987) The Analytic Hierarchy Process—What It Is and How It Is Used. Mathematical Modelling, 9, 161- 176.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0270-0255(87)90473-8

[14]   Icha, P. (2015) Evolution of the Specific Carbon Dioxide Emission of the German Electricity Mix from 1990 to 2014.

[15]   Ernst, C. (2014) Energetische, ökologische und ökonomische Lebenszyklusanalyse elektrifizierter Antriebsstrang- konzepte. PhD Thesis, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen.

 
 
Top