OJCE  Vol.6 No.3 , June 2016
Strength Behavior of Mud Brick in Building Construction
Abstract: The use of earth construction is well established in energy efficient housing. Mud bricks consist of clay, water, and binding material such as rice husks or straw. The advantages of mud brick include its low-cost and great thermal behavior. Although mud brick is considered one of the oldest construction materials, engineers and builders do not have enough information about its mechanical properties. Also there is no accurate design code to follow before construction. This study is devoted to enhance the low compressive strength of mud brick without sacrificing its low thermal conductivity properties. The experimental program in this research includes the use of different admixtures to increase the compressive strength of the basic mud mix. The experimental results show that the increase of cement ratio, as ingredient to a certain limits, can lead to an optimum compressive strength of the brick.
Cite this paper: Al-Ajmi, F. , Abdalla, H. , Abdelghaffar, M. and Almatawah, J. (2016) Strength Behavior of Mud Brick in Building Construction. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 6, 482-494. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2016.63041.

[1]   Cofirman, R., Agnew, N., Auiston, G. and Doehne, E. (1990) Adobe Mineralogy Characterisation of Adobes from Around the World. In: Cruces, L., Ed., 6th International Conference on the Conservation of Earthen Architecture, Las Cruces, 14-19 October 1990, 424-429.

[2]   Al-ajmi, F., Hanby, V. and Loveday, D. (2002) Thermal Performance of the Sub-Soil Environment in Dry Desert Climate. ASHRAE Transactions, 108, 395-405.

[3]   Acostaa, I., Aineto, M., Romerob, M. and Rincon, J.M. (2002) Utilisation of IGCC Slag and Clay Steriles in Soft Mud Bricks (by Pressing) for Use in Building Bricks Manufacturing. Waste Management, 22, 887-891.

[4]   Ren, K.B.D. and Kagi, A. (1995) Upgrading the Durability of Mud Bricks by Impregnation. Building and Environment, 30, 433-440.

[5]   Al-awadhi, S. and Sayigh, A. (1990) The History Buildings Materials in Kuwait and Its Suitability to Local Climate. In: Sayigh, A.A.M., Ed., Energy and Environment into the 1990s, World Renewable Energy Company Limited, 4.

[6]   Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR) Lab. (2006) Test for Thermal Conductivity Measurements. Report Submitted to Dr. Farraj Al-ajmi.

[7]   Abu-Hamdeh, N.H., Khdair, A.I. and Reeder, R.C. (2001) A Comparison of Two Methods Used to Evaluate Thermal Conductivity for Some Soils. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 44, 1073-1078.