MSA  Vol.2 No.8 , August 2011
Hydrothermal Synthesis of V3O7..H2O Nanobelts and Study of Their Electrochemical Properties
ABSTRACT
Vanadium oxide hydrate V3O7..H2O (H2V3O8) nanobelts have been synthesized by hydrothermal approach using V2O5 as vanadium source and phenolphthalein as structure-directing agent. Techniques X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), infrared spectroscopy and nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms have been used to characterize the structure, morphology and composition of the nanobelts. The V3O7. H2O nanobelts are up to several hundreds of nanometers, the widths and thicknesses are 90 and 40 nm, respectively. The electroactivity of the nanobelts has been investigated. The as-synthesized material is promising for chemical and energy-related applications such as catalysts, electrochemical device and it may be applied in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.

Cite this paper
nullM. Chine, F. Sediri and N. Gharbi, "Hydrothermal Synthesis of V3O7..H2O Nanobelts and Study of Their Electrochemical Properties," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2011, pp. 964-970. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.28129.
References
[1]   M. Cozzolino, R. Tesser, M. D. Serio, P. D’Onofrio and E. Santacesaria, “Kinetics of the Oxidative Dehydrogenation (Odh) of Methanol to Formaldehyde by Supported Vanadium-Based Nanocatalysts,” Catalysis Today, Vol. 128, No. 3-4, August 2007, pp. 191-200.

[2]   B. Huang, R. Huang, D. Jin and D. Ye, “Low Temperature SCR of NO with NH3 over Carbon Nanotubes Supported Vanadium Oxides,” Catalysis Today, Vol. 126, No. 3-4, August 2007, pp. 279-283.

[3]   D. Mu?oz-Rojas and E. Baudrin, “Synthesis and Electroactivity of Hydrated and Monoclinic Rutile-Type Nanosi- zed VO2,” Solid State Ionics, Vol. 178, July 2007, pp. 1268-1273.

[4]   K. Lee, Y. Wang and G. Cao, “Dependence of Electrochemical Properties of Vanadium Oxide Films on Their nano- and Microstructures,” Journal Physics Chemical B, Vol. 109, No. 35, 2005, pp. 16700-16704. doi.org/10.1021/jp051686q

[5]   Y. Wang, K. Takahashi, K. Lee and G. Cao, “Nanostructured Vanadium Oxide Electrodes for Enhanced Lithium-Ion Intercalation,” Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 16, No. 9, 2006, pp. 1133-1144. doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200500662

[6]   M. S. Whittingham, Y. N. Song, S. Lutta, P. Y. Zavalij and N. A. Chernova, “Some Transition Metal (Oxy) Phosphates and Vanadium Oxides for Lithium Batteries”, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 15, No. 33, April 2005, pp. 3362-3379. doi.org/10.1039/b501961c

[7]   J. Liu, X. Wang, Q. Peng and Y. Li, “Vanadium Pentoxide Nanobelts: Highly Selective and Stable Ethanol Sensor Materials,” Advanced Materials, Vol. 17, No. 6, March 2005, pp. 764-766.

[8]   B. X. Li, Y. Xu, G. X. Rong, M. Jing and Y. Xie, “Vanadium Pentoxide Nanobelts and Nanorolls: from Controllable Synthesis to Investigation of Their Electrochemical Properties and Photocatalytic Activities,” Nanotechnology, Vol. 17, No. 10, April 2006, pp. 2560-2566.

[9]   M. A. Gimenes, L. P. R. Profeti, T. A. F. Lassali, C. F. O. Graeff and H. P. Oliveira, “Synthesis Characterization, Electrochemical, and Spectroelectrochemical Studies of an N-Cetyl-Trimethylammonium Bromide/V2O5 Nanocomposite,” Langmuir, Vol. 17, No. 6, March 2001, pp. 1975-1982.

[10]   F. Huguenin, M. Ferreira, V. Zucolotto, F. C. Nart, R. M. Torresi and O. N. Oliveira Jr., “Molecular-Level Manipulation of V2O5/Polyaniline Layer-by-Layer Films to Control Electrochromogenic and Electrochemical Properties,” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 16, No. 11, April 2004, pp. 2293-2299.

[11]   Y. Wang and G. Z. Cao, “Synthesis and Enhanced Intercalation Properties of Nanostructured Vanadium Oxides” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 18, No. 12, May 2006, pp. 2787-2804.

[12]   Y. Wang, K. Takahashi, K. Lee and G.Z. Cao, “Nanostructured Vanadium Oxide Electrodes for Enhanced Lithium-Ion Intercalation,” Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 16, No. 9, June 2006, pp. 1133-1144.

[13]   H. Qiao, X. J. Zhu, Z. Zheng, L. Liu and L. Z. Zhang, “Synthesis of V3O7?H2O Nanobelts as Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Electrochemistry Communications, Vol. 8, No. 1, January 2006, pp. 21-26.

[14]   M. E. Spahr, P. Bitterli, R. Nesper, M. Muller, F. Krumeich and H. U. Nissen, “Redox Active Nanotubes of Vanadium Oxide,” Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 37, No. 9, 1998, pp. 1263-1265. doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-3773(19980518)37:9<1263::AID-ANIE1263>3.0.CO;2-R

[15]   R. Nesper and H. J. Muhr, “Nanotubes-an Outstanding Set of Nano Particles,” Chemical, Vol. 52, 1998, pp. 571- 578.

[16]   J. Schoiswohl, S. Surnev, F. P. Netzer and G. Kresse, “Vanadium Oxide Nanostructure: from Zero to Three- Dimensional,” Journal Physical-Condemns Matter, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2006, pp. R1-R14. doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/18/4/R01

[17]   H. Y. Xu, H. Wang, Z. Q. Song, Y. W. Wang, H. Yan and M. Yoshimura, “Novel Chemical Method for Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 49, No. 2, January 2004, pp. 349-353.

[18]   F. Sediri and N. Gharbi, “From Crystalline V2O5 to Nanostructured Vanadium Oxides Using Aromatic Amines as Templates,” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Vol. 68, No. 10, October 2007, pp.1821-1829.

[19]   F. Théobald, “Etude Hydrothermale du Système VO2-VO2,5-H2O,” Journal of the Less-Common Metals, Vol. 53, September 1977, pp. 55-71.

[20]   Y. Oka, T. Yao and N. Yamamoto, “Structure Determination of H2V3O8 by Powder X-ray Diffraction,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 89, No. 2, December 1990, pp. 372-377.

[21]   T. Chirayil, P. Y. Zavalij and M. S. Whittingham, “Hydrothermal Synthesis of Vanadium Oxides,” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 10, No. 10, September 1998, pp. 2629-2640.

[22]   G. C. Li, S. P. Pang, Z. B. Wang, H. R. Peng and Z. K. Zhang, “Synthesis of H2V3O8 Single-Crystal Nanobelts”, European journal of inorganic chemistry, Vol. 11, No. 5, June 2005, pp. 2060-2063.

[23]   S. F. Shi, M. H. Cao, X. Y. He and H. M. Xie, “Surfactant-Assisted Hydrothermal Growth of Single-Crystalline Ultrahigh-Aspect-Ratio Vanadium Oxide Nanobelts,” Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 7, No. 9, July 2007, pp. 1893-1897.

[24]   J. Livage, “Vanadium Pentoxide Gels,” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 3, No. 4, July 1991, pp. 578-593.

[25]   S. Gao, Z. Chen, M. Wei, K. Wie and H. Zhou, “Single crystal Nanobelts of V3O7. H2O: A Lithium Intercalation host with a Large Capacity,” Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 54, No. 3, January 2009, pp. 1115-1118.

[26]   T. R. Gilson, O. F. Bizri and N. Cheetham, “Dalton Transaction,” Journal of the Chemical Society, Vol. 33, No. 3, 1973, pp. 291-294.

[27]   J. -C. Valmalette and J. -R. Gavarri, “High efficiency Thermochromic VO2(R) Resulting from the Irreversible Transformation of VO2(B),” Materials Science and Engineering B, Vol. 54, No. 3, June 1998, pp. 168-173.

[28]   C. Delmas, H. Cognac-Auradou, J. M. Cocciantelli, M. Ménétrier and J. P. Doumerc, “The LixV2O5 System: An overview of the Structure Modifications Induced by the Lithium Intercalation,” Solid State Ionics, Vol. 69, No. 3-4, August 1994, pp. 257-264.

[29]   K. S. W. Sing, D. H. Everett, R. A. W. Haul, L. Moscou, R. A. Pierotti, J. Rouquerol and T. Siemieniewska, “Reporting Physisorption Data for Gas/Solid Systems with Special Reference to the Determination of Surface Area and Porosity,” Pure and Applied Chemistry, Vol. 57, No. 4, 1985, pp. 603-619.

[30]   M. Toba, F. Mizukami, S. Niwa, T. Sano, K. Maeda, A. Annila and V. Komppa, “The Effect of Preparation Methods on the Properties of Zirconia/Silicas,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis, Vol. 94, No. 1, 1994, pp. 85-96.

[31]   F. Sediri and N. Gharbi, “Controlled Hydrothermal Synthesis of VO2(B) Nanobelts,” Materials Letters, Vol. 63, No. 1, January 2009, pp. 15-18.

 
 
Top