AS  Vol.2 No.3 , August 2011
Effect of different fertilization on spring cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata) production and fertilizer use efficiencies
Just after transplanting, the vegetable has difficulty in nutrients uptake. To explore the effect of different fertilization on spring cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata) production and fertilizer use efficiencies, this experiment consisting of six treatments was implemented and divided into three groups: 1) no fertilizer (NF) and vegetable planting fertilizer (VPF); 2) conventional fertilizer (CF) and conventional fertilizer + vegetable planting fertilizer (CVPF); 3) reduced fertilizer application (RFA) and reduced fertilizer application + vegetable planting fertilizer (RVPF). The results of this experiment indicated that the yields of spring cabbage treated by VPF increased by 38.20% in VPF, 16.00% in CVPF and 20.40% in RVPF than their controls respectively. Additionally, the VPF helped improve the total and economic yields of the spring cabbage in all groups, and the economic benefits increased by 38.21% in VPF, 15.97% in CVPF and 20.42% in RVPF than their controls respectively. Finally, the VPF was of benefit to spring cabbage to exploit the soil nutrients and helped improve the chemical fertilizer use efficiencies. Therefore, it is an efficient, economical and ecological fertilization for vegetable production to apply chemical fertilizers in combination with VPF.

Cite this paper
nullGuo, Z. , He, C. , Ma, Y. , Zhu, H. , Liu, F. , Wang, D. and Sun, L. (2011) Effect of different fertilization on spring cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata) production and fertilizer use efficiencies. Agricultural Sciences, 2, 208-212. doi: 10.4236/as.2011.23029.
[1]   Zeng, X.B. and Li J. M. (2004) Fertilizer application and its effect on grain production in different counties of China. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 37:387-392(in Chinese)

[2]   Zhu, Z. L. and Chen D. L. (2002) Nitrogen fertilizer use in China-contributions to food production, impacts on the environment and best management strategies. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 63:117–127.

[3]   Liu, X. and Ju X. (2003) Nitrogen dynamics and budgets in a winter wheat–maize cropping system in the North China Plain. Field Crops Research 83: 111–124.

[4]   Newbould P. (1989) The use of nitrogen fertilizer in agriculture. Where do we go practically and ecologically? Plant and Soil 11: 297–311.

[5]   Follett, R. F. (1989) Nitrogen Management and Ground Water Protection. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 395.

[6]   Zhang, W. L., Tian Z. X., Zhang N. and Li X. Q. (1996) Nitrate pollution of groundwater in Northern China. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 59:223―231

[7]   Delgado, J. A. (2002) Quantifying the loss mechanisms of nitrogen. Journal of soil water conservation 57: 389–398.

[8]   Ju, X. T., Liu X. J., Zhang F. S. and Roelcke M. (2004) Nitrogen fertilization, soil nitrate accumulation, and policy recommendations in several agricultural regions of China, Ambio: A Journal of the Human Environment 33: 300―305.

[9]   Shen, R. P., Sun B. and Zhao Q. G. (2005) Spatial and temporal variability of N, P and K balances for agroecosystems in China. Pedosphere 15: 347―355.

[10]   Cassman, K.G., Dobermann A., and Walters D. 2002. Agroecosystems, nitrogen-use efficiency, and nitrogen management. AMBIO 31: 132-140.

[11]   Smil, V. (2000) Phosphorus in the environment: natural flows and human interferences. Annual Review of Energy Environment 25:53–88.

[12]   Khosla R., Fleming K., Delgado J. A., Shaver T. and Westfall D. (2002) Use of site specific management zones to improve nitrogen management for precision agriculture. Journal of soil water conservation 57:513–518.

[13]   Delgado, J. A., Khosla R., Bausch W. C., Westfall D. G., and Inman D. (2005) Nitrogen fertilizer management based on site specific management zones reduce potential for nitrate leaching. Journal of soil water conservation 60:402–410.

[14]   Li X. X., Hu C. S., Delgado J. A., Zhang Y. M., and Ouyang Z. Y. (2007) Increased nitrogen use efficiences as a key mitigation alternative to reduce nitrate leaching in north china plain. Agricultural water Management 89: 137-147.

[15]   Xie, W. F. and Ye H. H. (2007) Field experiment on decrement and synergism of Chemical fertilizer. Journal of Anhui Agriculture Science 35: 6868-6875(in Chinese).

[16]   Zhang, Y. Zh., Wang K. R., Liu J. P., Huang Zh. N., Zeng X. and Zhou Sh. Q. (2006) Demonstrations and studies on techniques for rice quality security control. Crop Research 4: 287-296(in Chinese).

[17]   Xiao, G. X., Li C. J., Wang L. and Cheng G. H. (2003) Study of reducing the amount of using fertilizer in corn growth. Soils and Fertilizers 6:37-40 (in Chinese).

[18]   Yao, C. X., Chen Z. L., Qiu Q., Huang Y. H., Yin J., Zhang J. X., Li C. H. and Mao G. F. (2005) Influence of nitrogen fertilizer reduction amount on watermelon yield and quality under canopy cultivation. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica 20:76-79(in Chinese).

[19]   Jiang, Q., Yu H. J., and Shi Z. Y. (2006) Effective ways of reducing chemical N fertilizer application in rice growth. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Agricultural Science) 24: 452-455 (in Chinese).

[20]   Zhang, G., Wang D. J. andChen X. M. (2008) Efffects of reduced fertilizer application on environmental of paddy field. Chinese Journal of Ecoagriculture 16: 327-330 (in Chinese).

[21]   Wang, G. H., Dobermann A., Witt C., Sun Q. Z. and Fu R. X. 2001. Performance of site-specific nutrient management for irrigated rice in southeast China. Agronomy Journal 90: 178―185.

[22]   Parkinson, J. A. and Allen S. E. (1975) A wet oxidation process suitable for the determination of nitrogen and mineral nutrients in biological material. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 6: 1–11.

[23]   Buresh, R., Peng S., Huang J., Yang J., Wang G., Zhong X., and Zou Y. (2004) Rice systems in China with high nitrogen inputs. In: Mosier, A.R., Syers, J.K., Freney, J.R. (Eds.), Agriculture and the Nitrogen Cycle: Assessing the Impacts of Fertilizer use on Food Production and the Environment. Washington, D.C., Island Press, pp.143―153.

[24]   Tilman, D., Reich P. B., Knops J., Wedin D., Mielke T. and Lehman C. (2001) Diversity and productivity in a long-term grassland experiment. Science 294: 843–845.

[25]   Cassman, K. G. and Pingali P. L. (1995) Intensification of irrigated rice systems: learning from the past to meet future challenges. GeoJournal 35: 299–305.

[26]   Tong, Y. N. (2001) Nitrogen fertilizer and environment. In: Feng, F. (Eds.), Study on Plant Nutrition-Progress and Prospect. Beijing: China Agricultural University Press. pp. 207-215 (in Chinese).

[27]   Mosier, A. R. and Zhu Z. L. (2000) Changes in patterns of fertilizer nitrogen use in Asia and its consequences for N2O emissions from agricultural systems. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 57: 107-117.

[28]   Zhang, W. L., Wu S. X., Ji H. J. andKolbe H. (2004) Estimation of agricultural non-point source pollution in China and the alleviating strategies I Estimation of agricultural non-point source pollution in China in early 21 century. Scientia Agricutura Sinica 36: 1008―1017.