ABSTRACT Mangiferin (1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxy xanthone-C2-b-D-glucoside) promoted vegetative growth and exhibited inhibitory role on the occurrence of malformation. Mangiferin changes associated with mango malformation pathogens were followed after inoculated mango seedlings (three years) with malformation pathogens i.e. Fusa-rium subglutinans, F. sterilihyphosum, F. oxysporum and F. proliferatum. Mangiferin remained at lower level in leaves of malformed shoots as compared to healthy one. The floral malformation was observed to be associated with the reduction of mangiferin. Strong positive correlations between mangiferin activity and malformation incidence were observed. Mangiferin level at panicle initiation may give a possible estimate of malformation incidence in mango.
Cite this paper
nullHaggag, W. , Hazza, M. and El-Wahab, M. (2011) Mango malformation: II. mangiferin changes associated with fusarium pathogens. Agricultural Sciences, 2, 291-296. doi: 10.4236/as.2011.23038.
 R.C. Ploetz, Malformation: a unique and important disease of mango, Mangifera indica L. In: Summerell, B.A., Leslie, J.F., Backhouse, D. and Bryden, W.L. (eds) Fusarium: Paul E. Nelson Memorial Symposium. American Phytopathological Society (APS) Press, St Paul, Minnesota, 2001 pp. 233–247.
 S. Ghosal, D.K. Chakrabarti and K.C. Basuchaudhary, Control Fusarium wilt of sunflower by mangiferin. Phytopathology 67, 1977, 548-550.
 Chakrabarti D.K., A. Singh and K. Singh, Physiological and biochemical changes induced by accumulated Mangiferin in Mangifera indica, J. of Horticultural Sciences 65(6), 1990. 731-737.
 R. Kumar and D.K. Chakrabarti, Biochemical evidence of physiological specialization of Fusarium moniliforme Sheld, the incitant of malformation disease of Mangifera indica L., Indian J. of Experimental Biology 30(5), 1992. 448-450
 D.K. Chakrabarti and R.C. Sharma. Mango malformation: relation of mangiferin concentration in differentiating buds to abnormal inflorescence of Mangifera indica, Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 1(1), 1993, 51-53.
 D.K Chakrabarti, R. Kumar and S. Kumar, Interaction among Fusarium moniliforme, Tyrolichus casei and mangiferin as related to malformation of Mangifera indica, Tropical Agriculture 74(4), 1997, 317-320.
 P. Talamond, L. Mondolot, A. Gargadennec, A. S. Hamon, A. Fruchier, and C. Campa, First report on mangiferin (C-glucosyl-xanthone) isolated from leaves of a wild coffee plant, Coffea pseudozangubariae (rubiaceae). Acta Bot. Gallica, 155(4), 2008. 513-819.
 E. Joubert, Revesed- phase HPLC determination of mangiferin, Isomangiferin and hesperidin in Cyclopia and the effect of harvesting date on phenolic composition of C. genistoides. Frank Otto. Sabine Gruner. Bernd Weinreich. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 216, 2003, 270-273.
 R. Kumar and D.K. Chakrabarti, Mango malformation: effect of mangiferin on morphology and parasitism in Fusarium moniliforme, Proceedings of National Symposium On Sustainable Agriculture in Sub-humid Zone, Sriniketan, India, 1995. 348-352
 D.K. Chakrabarti and R. Kumar, Mango malformation: role of Fusarium moniliforme and mangiferin, Agricultural Reviews 19(2), 1998, 126-136.
 S. Ghosal and D.K. Chakrabarti, Differences in phenolic and steriodal constituents between healthy and infected florets of Mangifera indica, Phytochemistry 27(5), 1988. 1339-1343.