AS  Vol.2 No.3 , August 2011
Paddy field soil conservation: Indian historical practices
ABSTRACT
India is an ancient land having high seasonal rain fall (4 months rain & 8 months dry), has paddy cultivation. Becauses silt-sand separation; buoyant sand gets carried; silt agglutinates. Rill fluid dissolves agglutinated soil; vectors as silt → degradation. Indian farmer has unique agricultural field conservation; soil cum fertility maintenance/regeneration heritage. Also use the stubble and cow dung (cellulose) as binder cum multi purpose in-field uses. economic; ecologically safe; and not discussed earlier. Good tool for altruistic administrations.

Cite this paper
nullBhattacharya, D. (2011) Paddy field soil conservation: Indian historical practices. Agricultural Sciences, 2, 341-346. doi: 10.4236/as.2011.23045.
References
[1]   Panigrahi, D.K.., Mohanty, P. K., Acharya, M. and Senapati. P.C. (2010) Optimal Utilisation Of Natural Resources for Agricultural Sustainability In Rain Fed Hill Plateaus Of Odisa. Agricultural Water Management, 97, (7) 1006 – 1016, DOI: 10.1016/j.agwat.2010.02.005

[2]   India Meteorology Department, (1982) 30 Year Data Book (1950-80). Govt. of India, New Delhi.

[3]   Planning Commission, (2002) Report of the Committee on India Vision 2020. Planning Commission, Government of India, New Delhi.

[4]   Bhattacharya, D. (2010) “Indian Ancient Sciences”, Lap Lambert, Germany, ISBN No. -978-3-8383-9027-7.

[5]   Rajo festival is celebrated in Odisa very intently. It is a 3 day deemed (cultural) menstruation period for mother Earth. No earth related activity are done. Farm implements are put on worship. Ladies do not cook, take to the swing. Outside it is cloudy, sultry and breezeless. Swing helps in evapotranspiration → cooling →feel comfort factor.

[6]   K.G. Vernekar, Sinha, S., Sadani, L.K., Sivaramakrishnan, S., Parasnis, S.S., Brij Mohan, Dharmaraj, S., Patil, M.N., Pillai J.S., Murthy, B.S., Debaje, B.S., and Bhagavatsingh, A., (2000) An Overview Of Laspex, Bundary-Layer Meteorol, 106, 561-572, DOI: 10.1023/A:1021283503661.

 
 
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