Back
 JACEN  Vol.5 No.1 B , April 2016
The Concentration of 2-Propenyl Glucosinolate in Biofumigant Crops Influences Their Anti-Fungal Activity (In-Vitro) against Soil-Borne Pathogens
Abstract:

This study investigated the biofumigation potential of nine Brassica species/cultivars by determining the levels of 2-propenyl glucosinolate in their roots and shoots, and their in-vitro suppression of four major soil-borne pathogens of vegetable crops. Hydrolysis of 2-propenyl GSL produces volatile isothiocyanate (ITC) compounds which are known to have anti-fungal activity. HPLC results showed that 2-propenyl GSL only occurred in root and shoot residue of flowering plants of four Brassica cultivars developed for green manuring (Caliente 199?, Mustclean?, Nemfix? and BQ Mulch?) and in the standard (mustard seed meal) treatment Fumafert?. Levels of 2-propenyl GSL varied several fold within the four Brassica cultivars, with 77-88% of the total concentrations recorded in the shoot tissues. In in vitro assays, the level of fungal suppression by volatiles emitted by hydrated shoot and root residues related to their content of 2-propenyl GSL, and the dose of residue applied to five soilborne test pathogens (S. minor, Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium oxysporum, Pythium dissotocum and Rhizoctonia solani). The variation in 2-propenyl GLS levels found in the Brassica green manure crops tested provides scope for selecting cultivars with greater potential for biofumigation, and to control multiple soil-borne disease problems in vegetable farms.

Cite this paper: Villalta, O. , Wite, D. , Riches, D. , Guiano, J. , Chandolu, V. , Scoble, C. , Donald, C. , Porter, I. and Mattner, S. (2016) The Concentration of 2-Propenyl Glucosinolate in Biofumigant Crops Influences Their Anti-Fungal Activity (In-Vitro) against Soil-Borne Pathogens. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 5, 38-45. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2016.51B006.
References

[1]   Villalta, O.V., Wite, D., Hunt, J., Stewart, A. and Porter, I.J. (2012) Biological Control of Sclerotinia Minor on Lettuce Using Trichoderma and Coniothyrium Species. Acta Horticulturae, 944, 50-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.944.6

[2]   Larkin, R.P. and Griffin, T.S. (2007) Control of Soilborne Potato Disease Using Brassica Green Manures. Crop Protection, 26, 1067-1077. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2006.10.004

[3]   Mattner, S.W., Porter, I.J., Gounder, R.K., Shanks, A.L., Wren, D.J. and Allen, D. (2008) Factors That Impact on the Ability of Fumigants to Suppress Fungal Pathogens and Weeds of Strawberry. Crop Protection, 27, 1165-1173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2008.02.002

[4]   Brown, P.D. and Morra, M.J. (1997) Control of Soil-Borne Plant Pests Using Glucosinolate-Containing Plants. Advances in Agronomy, 61, 167-231. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60664-1

[5]   Drobnica, L., Zemanova, M., Nemec, P., Antos, K., Kristian, P., Stullerova, A., Kuoppova, V. and Nemec Jr., P. (1967) Antifungal Activity of Isothiocyanates and Related Compounds. I. Naturally Occurring Isothiocyanates and Their Analogues. Applied Microbiology, 15, 701-709.

[6]   Sarwar, M., Kirkegaard, J.A., Wong, P.T.W. and Desmarchelier, J.M. (1998) Biofumigation Potential of Brassicas III. In Vitro Toxicity of Isothiocyanates to Soil-Borne Fungal Pathogens. Plant & Soil, 201, 103-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1004381129991

[7]   Morra, M.J. and Kirkegaard, J.A. (2002) Isothiocyanate Release from Soil-Incorporated Brassica Tissues. Soil Biology & Chemistry, 34, 1683-1690. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0038-0717(02)00153-0

[8]   Kirkegaard, J.A. and Sarwar, M. (1998) Biofumigation Potential of Brassicas. Plant and Soil, 201, 71-89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1004364713152

[9]   West, L., Tsui, I. and Haas, G. (2002) Single Column Approach for the Liquid Chromatographic Separation of Polar and Non-Polar Glucosinolates from Broccoli Sprouts and Seeds. Journal of Chromatography A, 966, 227-232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00734-3

[10]   Smolinska, U. and Horbowicz, M. (1999) Fungicidal Activity of Volatiles from Selected Cruciferous Plants against Resting Propagules of Soil-Borne Fungal Pathogens. Journal of Phytopathology, 147, 119-124. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0434.1999.tb03817.x

 
 
Top