ABSTRACT Pongamia Pinnata trees are normally planted along the highways, roads, canals to stop soil erosion. Billions of trees exist all over India. If the seeds fallen along road side are collected, and oil is extracted at village level expellers, few million tons of oil will be available for Lighting the Lamps in rural area. It is the best substitute for Kerosene. Since these are spread over a large area, collection of seeds for Biodiesel manufacture is not viable. (A compact plantation can support a Biodiesel plant. The seedlings of Pongamia can survive in 1.5 meters deep water submergence / inunda-tion for five to six months duration at a stretch. There are nearly 30,000 square km of water reservoirs in India. This tree can be cultivated in our water storage reservoirs up to 1.5 meters depth and reap additional economic value from unused reservoir lands. The estimated annual production of oil from its seeds is about 50,000 t. The oil has not yet found any significant commercial application. But due to increase in awareness and growth in research in this area the Pongamia it can be developed as the alternative source of fuel by replacing diesel. In the present study attempt has been made to study the scope of Pongamia in India.
Cite this paper
nullG. Dwivedi, S. Jain and M. Sharma, "Pongamia as a Source of Biodiesel in India," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2011, pp. 184-189. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2011.23022.
 S. Jain and M. P. Sharma, “Prospects of Biodiesel from Jatropha in India: A Review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol.14, No. 2, 2010, pp. 763-771.
 S. P.Wani and T. K. Sreedevi, “Pongamia’s Journey from Forest to Micro-Enterprise for Improving Livelihoods,” Andhra University Press, Andhra Pradesh, 1999.
 P. Gogoi, “Assam, Pongamia Oil—A Promising Source of Bio-Diesel,” Assam University Press, Assam, 2008.
 V. Kesari, A. Das and L. Rangan, “Physico-Chemical Characterization and Antimicrobial Activity from Seed Oil of Pongamia Pinnata a Potential Biofuel Crop,” Bio Mass and Bio Energy, Vol. 34, No. 1, 2010, pp. 108-115.
 S. Sangwan, D. V. Rao and R. A. Sharma, “A Review on Pongamia Pinnata (L.) Pierre: A Great Versatile Leguminous Plant,” Nature and Science, Vol. 8, 2010, pp. 1-11.
 N. Mukta, Y. Sreevalli, “Propagation Techniques, Evaluation and Improvement of the Biodiesel Plant, Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre—A Review,” Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2010, pp. 1-12.
 W. S. Eipesona, J. R. Manjunathab, P. Srinivasb and T. C. S. Kanya, “Extraction and Recovery of Karanjin: A Value Addition to Karanja (Pongamia Pinnata) Seed Oil,” Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2010, pp. 118-122.
 H. V. Kamath, I. Regupathi and M. B. Saidutta, “Optimization of Two Step Karanja Biodiesel Synthesis under Microwave Irradiation,” Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 92, No. 1, 2011, pp. 100-105.
 S. L. Badole and S. L. Bodhankar, “Antidiabetic Activity of Cycloart-23-ene-3β, 25-diol (B2) Isolated from Pongamia Pinnata (L. Pierre) in Streptozotocin Nicotinamide Induced Diabetic Mice,” European Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 632, No. 1-3, 2010, pp. 103-109.