NS  Vol.3 No.8 , August 2011
On chromospheric variations modeling for main-sequence stars of G and K spectral classes
Abstract: We present a method of 13 late-type main-sequence stars chromospheric flux observation data calculations. These Sun-like stars have well-determined cyclic flux variations similar to the 11-year solar activity cycle. Our flux prediction is based on chromospheric HK emission time series measurements from the Mount Wilson Observatory and comparable solar data. We show that solar three - component modeling explains well the stellar observations. We find that the 10 - 20% of K - stars disc’s surfaces are occupied by bright active regions.
Cite this paper: Bruevich, E. (2011) On chromospheric variations modeling for main-sequence stars of G and K spectral classes. Natural Science, 3, 641-645. doi: 10.4236/ns.2011.38087.

[1]   Baliunas, S.L., Donahue, R.A. and Soon, W. (1995) Chromospheric variations in main-sequence stars, Astrophysical Journal, 438, 269-280.

[2]   Lockwood, G.W., Skif, B.A., Radick, R.R., Baliunas, S.L., Donahue, R.A. and Soon, W. (2007) Patterns of photome- tric and chromospheric variations among sun-like stars: a 20-year perspectives, Astrophysical Journal Supplied, 171, 260-320.

[3]   Vernazza, J.E., Avrett, E.H. and Loeser, R. (1981) Structure of chromosphere, Astrophysical Journal Supplied, 45, 635-690.

[4]   Schrijver, C.J., Zwaan, C., Maxon, C.W. and Noyes, R.W. (1985) Astronomy and Astrophysics, 149, 123-132.

[5]   Lean, J.L. and Scumanich A. (1983) Three - structured model of solar chromosphere based on the NIMBUS-7 satellite observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, A88, 5751-5765.

[6]   Cook, J.W., Brueckner, G.E. and Van Hoosier, M.E., (1980) The center-to limb behavior of solar active regions at ultraviolet, Journal of Geophysical Research, A85, 2257-2266.

[7]   Borovik, V.N., Livshitz, M.A. and Medar, V.G. (1997) The structure of solar atmosphere, Astronomy Reports, 41, 836-845.

[8]   Bruevich, E.A., (1997) On chromospheric activity of sun-like stars, Moscow University Physical Bull, Moscow, 48-54.