CWEEE  Vol.5 No.2 , April 2016
Disinfection Water Wells and Sterilization
Abstract: Disinfection is an important step in ensuring that water is safe to drink. Well disinfection is used to inactivate or control bacteria populations in a well and the distribution system. Disinfection is the inactivation or destruction of pathogenic organisms through the disruption of the organisms’ normal life processes. The objective of this work is to clean and/or disinfect entire borehole to prepare wells for pump installation. The last water sample was collected after the well disinfec-tion on that time. The results of water chemical analysis are presented in Tables 2-4, and there was nothing found against the specification requirements. After a reaction time of approximately 12 h, the well was cleaned from the sterilization solution by airlifting until chlorine concentration in the water reached 0 mg/l. Then through analyzing the test for samples of water after disinfection and sterilization the wells showed the Iron Bacteria were not seen and the Bacteria Species/Anaerobic Bacteria were absent.
Cite this paper: Mahasneh, M. (2016) Disinfection Water Wells and Sterilization. Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering, 5, 38-46. doi: 10.4236/cweee.2016.52004.

[1]   Turneaure, F.E. and Russell, H.L. (1901) Public Water-Supplies Requirements, Resources, and the Concentration of Works. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 493.

[2]   Whipple, G.C. (1906) Disinfection as a Means of Water Purification. Proceedings of American Water Works Association, 266-280.

[3]   Baker, M.N. (1981) The Quest for Pure Water, the History of Water Purification from the Earliest Records to the Twentieth Century. 2nd Edition, Volume 1, American Water Works Association, Denver, 258-276.

[4]   Leal, J.L (1909) The Sterilization Plant of the Jersey City Water Supply at Boonton, N.J. Proceedings of American Water works Association, 100-109.

[5]   Hodges, L (1977). Environmental Pollution. 2nd Edition, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 189.

[6]   Fair, G.M., Corris, J., Chang, S.L., Weil, I. and Burden, R.P. (1948) The Behavior of Chlorine as a Water Disinfectant. Journal of the American Water Works Association, 40, 1051-1061.

[7]   Nakagawara, S., Goto, T., Nara, M., Ozawa, Y., Hotta, K. and Arata, Y. (1998) Spectroscopic Characterization and the PH Dependence of Bactericidal Activity of the Aqueous Chlorine Solutions. Analytical Sciences, 14, 691-698.

[8]   Bouwer, H. (1984) Disinfection of Water Manual. Water Division Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, 1-51.

[9]   Roscoe Moss Company (1990) Handbook of Ground Development. John Wiley & Sons. Inc.

[10]   Driscoll, F.G. (1986) Ground Water and Wells. 2nd Edition, Johnson Division, St. Paul.

[11]   Connell, G.F. (1996) The Chlorination/Chloramination Handbook. American Water Works Association Co., Denver.

[12]   Holben, R.J. and Gaber, M. (2004) “Sanitary Drilling Practices: Ensure thorough Disinfection before the Well Even Is Built. National Driller.

[13]   Hoben, R.J. and Gaber, M. (2003) Water Well Disinfection Manual. Water Division Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Lansing.

[14]   (2012) Disi-Mudawarra to Amman Water Conveyance System Project. Final Technical Report Well-39.

[15]   Coombs, A.W. (2001) Baroid Industrial Drilling Products, Letter to Michigan Department of Environment Quality.

[16]   Schnieders, J.H., (1998) Well Chlorination. Water Well Journal.

[17]   Schnieders, J.H. (2001) Coliforms and Dinfection of Water Well. Water Well Journal, 55, 12, 14-15.

[18]   Williams, R.B. and Culp, G.L. (1986) Handbook of Public Water System. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

[19]   LeChevallier, M.W., Evans, T.M. and Seidler, R.J. (1981) Effect of Turbidity on Chlorination Efficiency and Bacterial Persistence in Drinking Water. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 42, 159-167.

[20]   Feachem, R., McGarry, M. and Mara, D. (1977) Water, Wastes, and Health in Climates. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.

[21]   Schulz, C.R. and Okun, D.A. (1984) Surface Water Treatment for Communities in Developing Countries. John Wiley and Sons, NewYork.

[22]   Cheremisinoff, P. (1995) Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Technology. Marcel Dekker, New York.