MSCE  Vol.4 No.3 , March 2016
The Effect of Temperature on Synthesis and Stability of Superparamagnetic Maghemite Nanoparticles Suspension
Abstract: Maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) nanoparticles have been synthesized using chemical co-precipitation at a different temperature. Characterizations of the sample were performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), alternating gradient magnetometry (AGM) and thermogravimetryanalysis (TGA). The stability of the maghemite nanoparticles suspension was studied at different pH and time of storage by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential measurements. The XRD patterns confirmed that the particles were maghemite. TEM observation showed that the particles have spherical morphology with narrow particle size distribution. The particles showed superparamagnetic behavior with good thermal stability. The increasing of temperature in the synthesis of maghemite nanoparticles produced smaller size particles, lower magnetization, better thermal stability and more stable maghemite nanoparticle suspension.
Cite this paper: Nurdin, I. , Ridwan, &. and Satriananda, &. (2016) The Effect of Temperature on Synthesis and Stability of Superparamagnetic Maghemite Nanoparticles Suspension. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 4, 35-41. doi: 10.4236/msce.2016.43005.

[1]   Abareshi, M., Goharshadi, E.K., Zebarjad, S.M., Fadafan, H.K. and Youssefi, A. (2010) Fabrication, Characterization and Measurement of Thermal Conductivity of Fe3O4 Nanofluids. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 322, 3895-3901.

[2]   Sundar, L.S., Singh, M.K. and Sousa, A.C. (2013) Investigation of Thermal Conductivity and Viscosity of Fe3O4 Nanofluid for Heat Transfer Applications. International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 44, 7-14.

[3]   Tang, S.C. and Lo, I.M. (2013) Magnetic Nanoparticles: Essential Factors for Sustainable Environmental Applications. Water Research, 47, 2613-2632.

[4]   Rosensweig, R., Hirota, Y., Tsuda, S. and Raj, K. (2008) Study of Audio Speakers Containing Ferrofluid. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 20, 204147.

[5]   Nkurikiyimfura, I., Wang, Y. and Pan, Z. (2013) Heat Transfer Enhancement by Magnetic Nanofluids—A Review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 21, 548-561.

[6]   Wang, Y., Cao, X., Liu, G., Hong, R., Chen, Y., Chen, X., Li, H., Xu, B. and Wei, D. (2011) Synthesis of Fe3O4 Magnetic Fluid Used for Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Hyperthermia. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 323, 2953-2959.

[7]   Li, Q. and Xuan, Y.M. (2009) Experimental Investigation on Heat Transfer Characteristics of Magnetic Fluid Flow around a Fine Wire under the Influence of an External Magnetic Field. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 33, 591-596.

[8]   Huminic, G., Huminic, A., Morjan, I. and Dumitrache, F. (2011) Experimental Study of the Thermal Performance of Thermosyphon Heat Pipe Using Iron Oxide Nanoparticles. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 54, 656-661.

[9]   Correa, J.R., Canetti, D., Castillo, R., Llópiz, J.C. and Dufour, J. (2006) Influence of the Precipitation pH of Magnetite in the Oxidation Process to Maghemite. Materials Research Bulletin, 41, 703-713.

[10]   Oh, J.K. and Park, J.M. (2011) Iron Oxide-Based Superparamagnetic Polymeric Nanomaterials: Design, Preparation, and Biomedical Application. Progress in Polymer Science, 36, 168-189.

[11]   Bee, A., Massart, R. and Neveu, S. (1995) Synthesis of Very Fine Maghemite Particles. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 149, 6-9.

[12]   Schwegmann, H., Feitz, A.J. and Frimmel, F.H. (2010) Influence of the Zeta Potential on the Sorption and Toxicity of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles on S. cerevisiae and E. coli. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 347, 43-48.

[13]   Xu, J., Yang, H., Fu, W., Du, K., Sui, Y., Chen, J., Zeng, Y., Li, M. and Zou, G. (2007) Preparation and Magnetic Properties of Magnetite Nanoparticles by Sol-Gel Method. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 309, 307-311.

[14]   Hsieh, T.-H., Ho, K.-S., Bi, X., Han, Y.-K., Chen, Z.-L., Hsu, C.-H. and Chang, Y.-C. (2009) Synthesis and Electromagnetic Properties of Polyaniline-Coated Silica/Maghemite Nanoparticles. European Polymer Journal, 45, 613-620.

[15]   Maleki, H., Simchi, A., Imani, M. and Costa, B. (2012) Size-Controlled Synthesis of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles and Their Surface Coating by Gold for Biomedical Applications. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 324, 3997-4005.

[16]   Vidal-Vidal, J., Rivas, J. and Lopez-Quintela, M. (2006) Synthesis of Monodisperse Maghemite Nanoparticles by the Microemulsion Method. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 288, 44-51.

[17]   Chin, A.B. and Yaacob, I.I. (2007) Synthesis and Characterization of Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles via w/o Microemulsion and Massart’s Procedure. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 191, 235-237.

[18]   Asuha, S., Suyala, B., Siqintana, X. and Zhao, S. (2011) Direct Synthesis of Fe3O4 Nanopowder by Thermal Decomposition of Fe-Urea Complex and Its Properties. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509, 2870-2873.

[19]   Peng, S., Wang, C., Xie, J. and Sun, S. (2006) Synthesis and Stabilization of Monodisperse Fe Nanoparticles. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128, 10676-10677.

[20]   Zhang, H. and Zhu, G. (2012) One-Step Hydrothermal Synthesis of Magnetic Fe3O4 Nanoparticles Immobilized on Polyamide Fabric. Applied Surface Science, 258, 4952-4959.

[21]   Caparrós, C., Benelmekki, M., Martins, P.M., Xuriguera, E., Silva, C.J.R., Martinez, L.M. and Lanceros-Méndez, S. (2012) Hydrothermal Assisted Synthesis of Iron Oxide-Based Magnetic Silica Spheres and Their Performance in Magnetophoretic Water Purification. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 135, 510-517.

[22]   Behdadfar, B., Kermanpur, A., Sadeghi-Aliabadi, H., del Puerto Morales, M. and Mozaffari, M. (2012) Synthesis of Aqueous Ferrofluids of ZnxFe3-xO4 Nanoparticles by Citric Acid Assisted Hydrothermal-Reduction Route for Magnetic Hyperthermia Applications. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 324, 2211-2217.

[23]   Odenbach, S. (2004) Ferrofluids: Magnetically Controllable Fluids and Their Applications. Applied Rheology, 14, 179-179.

[24]   Teja, A.S. and Koh, P.-Y. (2009) Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles. Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials, 55, 22-45.

[25]   Kluchova, K., Zboril, R., Tucek, J., Pecova, M., Zajoncova, L., Safarik, I., Mashlan, M., Markova, I., Jancik, D. and Sebela, M. (2009) Superparamagnetic Maghemite Nanoparticles from Solid-State Synthesis—Their Functionalization towards Peroral MRI Contrast Agent and Magnetic Carrier for Trypsin Immobilization. Biomaterials, 30, 2855-2863.

[26]   Singh, B.P., Menchavez, R., Takai, C., Fuji, M. and Takahashi, M. (2005) Stability of Dispersions of Colloidal Alumina Particles in Aqueous Suspensions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 291, 181-186.