JTTs  Vol.1 No.3 , July 2011
Ecological Tunnel for the 21st Century: A New Conception and Methodology
Abstract: This paper presents a new conception—ecological tunnel, which is contrived to meet increasingly tough challenges in the 21st century. Ecological tunnel refers to integrating ecological principles into tunnel design, construction and operation in order to create a balanced and sustainable tunnel-nature system. It consists of four elements: green tunneling, green lighting, green lining, and green recycling of excavated material. The conception, function and implementation of each part are elaborated in the paper. In addition, computer visualization technique is applied to simulate complicated internal conditions of an ecological tunnel.
Cite this paper: nullZ. Zhang, Q. Lei and Q. Xue, "Ecological Tunnel for the 21st Century: A New Conception and Methodology," Journal of Transportation Technologies, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2011, pp. 54-57. doi: 10.4236/jtts.2011.13008.

[1]   A. Singh, G. Berghorn, S. Joshi and M. Syal, “Review of Life-Cycle Assessment Applications in Building Construction,” Journal of Architectural Engineering, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2010, pp. 25-34.

[2]   C.-N. Chen, Y.-Y. Chen, A. J.-W. Whang and L.-H. Chen, “Design and Evaluation of Natural Light Guiding System in Ecological Illumination of Traffic Tunnel,” Proceedings of Security Professionals Information Exchange, 7423, 2009, pp. 1-9.

[3]   C. R. De Kimpe and J. L. Morel, “Urban Soil Management: A Growing Concern,” Soil Science, Vol. 165, No. 1, 2000, pp. 31-40. doi:10.1097/00010694-200001000-00005

[4]   Georgios E. Pavlikakis, Vassilios A. Tsihrintzis. “Ecosystem Management: A Review of a New Concept and Methodology,” Water Resources Management, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2000, pp. 257-283. doi:10.1023/A:1008139011867

[5]   S. G. Lu and S. Q. Bai. “Contamination and potential mobility assessment of heavy metals in urban soils of Hangzhou, China relationship with different land uses,” Environmental Earth Sciences, Vol. 60, No. 7, 2010, pp.1481-1490. doi:10.1007/s12665-009-0283-2