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 OJEM  Vol.4 No.1 , March 2016
An Uncommon Potentially Fatal Complication in a Patient without Predisposing Factor Following Oral Bowel Preparation Commonly Used for Colonoscopy
Abstract: We described the case report of a patient presented with no known predisposing factor, generalized malaise with vomiting, locked jaw, perioral paraesthesia, carpopedal spasm and a positive Chvostek’s sign which resulted from severe electrolyte disturbance at 5 hours after use of oral sodium phosphate solution (NaPO4) as bowel preparation for colonoscopy. On presentation, she developed hyperphosphatemia and symptomatic hypocalcaemia with serum phosphate of 1.84 mmol/L and adjusted calcium level 1.67 mmol/L respectively. Her symptoms subsided after immediate intravenous calcium gluconate followed by oral calcium supplement. The electrolyte disturbances were normalized with an uneventful clinical course. The potentially fatal complications of sodium phosphate solution which commonly prescribed as bowel preparation for conventional colonoscopy could develop though previously reported as uncommon in patients without predisposing factors, and should not be overlooked. Urgent assessment and immediate correction of electrolyte disturbances are needed. Recommendations on patient selection of use of sodium phosphate to minimize risk of developing adverse events are needed to incorporate in clinical protocols.
Cite this paper: Li, I. , Leung, L. and Tsui, S. (2016) An Uncommon Potentially Fatal Complication in a Patient without Predisposing Factor Following Oral Bowel Preparation Commonly Used for Colonoscopy. Open Journal of Emergency Medicine, 4, 6-10. doi: 10.4236/ojem.2016.41002.
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