Back
 OALibJ  Vol.1 No.3 , June 2014
Assessment of Violence and Associated Factors among Rural High School Female Students, in Hadiya Zone, Southern Nation and Nationalities Peoples’ Region, Ethiopia, 2013
Abstract: The objective of this study is to assess violence and associated factors among rural high school female students in Hadiya zone, Ethiopia. A school based cross-sectional quantitative study was employed. Multistage sampling technique was used to select study subjects. Self administered questionnaires were used to collect the data and study was conducted on 801 rural high school female students in Hadiya Zone from March 25 to April 25/2013. The overall percentage of physical, sexual or psychological violence was found to be 62.20% during their high school education. Using alcohol by students and their parents, mother education was the risk factors for the occurrence of physical violence. Alcohol used by students and parents father education and marital status highly attributes to sexual violence. Alcohol used by student and mother occupation was variables associated to psychological violence. This finding concludes that violence is highly prevalent among rural high school female students in Hadiya zone and use of alcohol, marital status, parental education and occupation were the main contributing factors. School officials and other concerned organizations should strengthen the communication with students, parents and community leaders about the physical, sexual and psychological violence.
Cite this paper: Letta, T. , Feleke, A. and Derseh, L. (2014) Assessment of Violence and Associated Factors among Rural High School Female Students, in Hadiya Zone, Southern Nation and Nationalities Peoples’ Region, Ethiopia, 2013. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-14. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1100659.
References

[1]   Domestic Violence. www.merriam-Webster.com

[2]   Violence against Women. www.ovw.usdoj.gov/domviolenceaccessed

[3]   Prevalence of Domestic Violence. www.stopvaw

[4]   Marry, K. (2012) Truth about Abuse Survey Report. 1-6.

[5]   Sean, C. (2010) Violence against Women in Sub Saharan Countries. 1-9.

[6]   Fiona, L. (2008) Gender Violence in Schools in the Developing World. Common Wealth Education Partenership, 28-31.

[7]   Fatuma C. (2007) Education and Empowerment of Girls against Gender Based Violence. Journal of International Cooperation in Education, 10, 53-55.

[8]   Berhane, Y. (2004) Ending Domestic Violence against Women in Ethiopia. Ethiopia. Journal of Health and Development, 2, 131-132.

[9]   United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (2007) African Centre for Gender and Social Development (ACGSD). Violence against Women in Africa. Situational Analysis, 65-67.

[10]   Fiona, L. (2007) Gender Violence in Schools. Centre for International Education, University of Sussex, Falmer, 1-2.

[11]   Lara, F. (2012) Prevention of Violence against Women and Girls. UN Women in Cooperation with ESCAP, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, Bangkok, 17-20 September 2012, 4-6.

[12]   Belachew, A., van Aken, M.A.G. and Dubas, J.S. (2011) Sexual Violence Victimization among Female Secondary School Students in Eastern Ethiopia. Violence and Victim, 26, 608-630.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.26.5.608

[13]   Prime Minister Office/Women’s Affairs Sub Sector (2004) A National Report on Progress Made in the Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action (Beijing + 10). 4-8.

[14]   Save the Children Denmark Ministry of Education and Ministry of Women’s Affairs (2008) A Study on Violence against Girls in Primary Schools and Its Impacts on Girls’ Education in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, 10-92.

[15]   Gorfu, M. and Demsse, A. (2007) Sexual Violence against School Girls in Jimma Zone. Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences, 2, 24-30.

[16]   Worku, A and Addisie, M. (2002) Sexual Violence among Female Students in Debark in North Wast Ethioia. East African Medical Journals, 79, 97-99.

[17]   Band, E., et al. (2005) Domestic Violence and Law in Africa. Center for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs, UN, 3-20.

[18]   Yigzaw, T., Yibrie, A. and Kebede, Y. (2004) Domestic Violence around Gondar in North West Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 18, 134-138.

[19]   Deribew, A. (2007) Magnitude and Risk Factors of Intimate Partner Violence against Women in Agro Town South West Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 17, 2-4.

[20]   Lelissa, G. and Yusuf, L. (2004) Prevelance of Gender Based Violence in Three High Schools in Addis Ababa Ethiopia. Journal of Reproductive Health, 2, 56-58.

[21]   Sørensen, J., Kruse, M., Gudex, C., Helweg-Larsen, K. and Brønnum-Hansen, H. (2012) Physical Violence and Health-Related Quality of Life: Danish Cross-Sectional Analyses. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 10, 2-4.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-10-113

[22]   Olalekan, A.U., et al. (2009) Factor Associated with Attitude toward Intimate Partner Violence against Women: Comparative Analysis of Sub Saharan Countries. BMC International Health and Human Right, 9, 7-10.

[23]   Zeleke, E. (2011) Assessment of Prevalence Associated Factors and Come of Sexual Violence among High School Students. Unpublished. Addis Ababa, 26-29.

[24]   Borwankar, R., Diallo, R., Goings, S., Elisabeth Sommerfelt, A. and Oluwole, D. (2010) Gender Based Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review of Demographic and Health Survey Findings and Their Use in National Planning. Woodrow Wilson Center, Washington, DC, 20-37.

 
 
Top