Back
 JWARP  Vol.8 No.2 , February 2016
Impact of Nitrate Consumption: Case Study of Punjab, India
Abstract: Punjab is one of the most fertile regions in India, where wheat, rice, sugar cane, fruits and vegetables are grown and it is called the “Granary of India” or “India’s bread-basket”. Rice and wheat are double cropped in Punjab with rice stalks being burned off over millions of acres prior to the planting of wheat. This widespread practice is polluting and wasteful. In Punjab the consumption of fertilizer per hectare is 223.46 kg as compared to 90 kg nationally. In recent years a drop in productivity has been observed mainly due to falling fertility of the soil, due to excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides over the years. In this article, we have discussed more details and excess load of fertilizer availability in agricultural purposes. The methodology of this article is to use the data of wheat yield and nitrate consumption. The correlation between nitrate consumption with wheat yield indicates the use of fertilizer in the case of state of Punjab of India.
Cite this paper: Khajuria, A. (2016) Impact of Nitrate Consumption: Case Study of Punjab, India. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 8, 211-216. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2016.82017.
References

[1]   Gupta, A.P. (2005) Nitrogen Use Scenario of India. Science in China Ser. C Life Sciences, 48, 921-927.

[2]   FAI (2010) Fertilizer Statistics 2005-06. Fertilizer Association of India, New Delhi.

[3]   FAOSTAT (2012) FAO Agricultural Database, Food and Agricultural Organization.
http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/water_use_agr/index2.stm

[4]   He, B., Kanae, S., Oki, T., Hirabayashi, Y., Yamashiki, Y. and Takara, K. (2011) Assessment of Global Nitrogen Pollution in Rivers Using an Integrated Biogeochemical Modelling Framework. Water Research, 45, 2573-2586.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2011.02.011

[5]   Galloway, J.N. (2000) Nitrogen Mobilization in Asia. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 57, 1-12.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1009832221034

[6]   He, B., Oki, T. and Wang, Y. (2009) Using Remote Sensed Imagery to Estimate Potential Annual Pollutant Loads in River Basins. Water Science and Technology, 60, 2009-2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2009.596

[7]   IASRAI (2006) Agricultural Research Data Book. Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, New Delhi.

[8]   Prasad, R. (2009) Efficient Fertilizer Use: The Key to Food Security and Better Environment. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 47, 1-17.

[9]   Annual Report Pb (2012) Annual report from Punjab Environmental Centre.
http://punenvis.nic.in/index2.aspx?slid=201&mid=1&langid=1&sublinkid=447

[10]   Annual Report PSCST (2011) Punjab State Council For Science & Technology.
http://pscst.gov.in/files/ANNUAL%20REPORT%202011-12.pdf

[11]   Khajuria, A., Yoshikawa, S. and Kanae, S. (2013) Estimation and Prediction of Water Availability and Water Withdrawal in India. Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Japan Society of Civil Engineering, (SUIKO), Ser. B1, 69, I_145-I_150.

[12]   Heffer, P. (2009) Assessment of Fertilizer Use by Crop at the Global Level: 2006/07-2007/08. International Fertilizer Industry Association, Paris.

[13]   Huang, G. (2013) Characterization of Nitrate Contamination in an Arid Region of China. Journal of Environmental Protection, 4, 46-52.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jep.2013.47A006

 
 
Top