Health  Vol.8 No.1 , January 2016
Temporomandibular Disorder in University Students of the Parque das Rosas Campus, Universidade Estácio de Sá That Practice Sports
Abstract: The stomatognathic system (SS) is a functional unit of the body that depends on the balance of several tissues. It consists of various structures, including the temporomandibular joint. Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) can occur due to alterations in the SS. The Fonseca Anamnestic Index (FAI) is a scale used to evaluate and to characterize the TMD Type: no DTM, mild, moderate and severe. The aim is to evaluate the prevalence of signs and symptoms related to TMD in university students of the Parque das Rosas Campus, Universidade Estácio de Sá that practice sports. This investigation was approved (CAAE number 325678413.9.0000.5284). Two hundred eighth students (110 male and 98 female, aged 19 - 35 years) accepted to be in this investigation. All the participants answered a General Questionnaire (GQ) and the FAI. The GQ had questions about the age, sex and the presence of TMD. The FAI was used. A statistical difference (p > 0.05) was not found about the presence of TMD. Among the female, an elevated number of the students with signal or symptoms related to the temporomandibular with statistic significance (p < 0.05) was observed. In the population without TMD, the prevalence of this disorder is higher between male than female. Considering the FAI, among the female students, there is a prevalence of the Mild Type. Considering the evaluation of the type of TMD among the male and female students no difference was found between male and female to the types mild and moderate, however, the prevalence of the severe Type is higher in female than in male with statistical significance. In conclusion, TMD is a relevant clinical condition with an important prevalence among the university students. Moreover, the type of the TMD could be considered due to prevalence of the Type Severe among the women.
Cite this paper: Cabral, R. , Moiolli-Rodrigues, M. , Motta, F. , de Souza Motta, F. , da Silva, J. , Malheiros, L. , Martins, N. , Trepte, L. , Abrão, A. , Maiworm, A. , Oliveira, L. , Cardoso, R. , Arnóbio, A. , Presta, G. , de Sá Caputo, D. , Filho, S. , Frederico, É. , Bernardo-Filho, M. and de Paoli, S. (2016) Temporomandibular Disorder in University Students of the Parque das Rosas Campus, Universidade Estácio de Sá That Practice Sports. Health, 8, 18-23. doi: 10.4236/health.2016.81003.

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