Health  Vol.8 No.1 , January 2016
Relationship of Workaholism with Stress and Job Burnout of Elementary School Teachers
Abstract: Teachers voluntarily devote a lot of time to their vocational activates. This can lead to workaholism and may result in stress and job burnout. The main objective of the current study is to examine the relationship of workaholism with stress and job burnout of elementary school teachers in Zahedan. This is a descriptive-correlational study. The sample includes 350 elementary school teachers in Zahedan whom are selected through applying stratified random sampling method and are examined using questionnaires on workaholism, occupational stress, and job burnout. To analyze the obtained data, correlation coefficient and simultaneous multiple regression analysis are applied using SPSS21. Teachers’ mean scores on workaholism, stress and job burnout are higher than the considered theoretical mean. Workaholism and its components (feeling of being driven to work, work involvement, and work enjoyment) are significantly and positively related to job burnout and occupational stress (p < 0.01). The results of simultaneous multiple regression analysis indicate that components of workaholism can predict teachers’ occupational stress and job burnout (p < 0.05). Considering the results, holding training courses for teachers to become familiar with the phenomena of workaholism, stress, and job burnout, individual and organizational outcomes, methods of dealing with them and managing them effectively is highly recommended.
Cite this paper: Jenaabadi, H. , Nejad, B. , Abadi, F. , Haghi, R. and Hojatinasab, M. (2016) Relationship of Workaholism with Stress and Job Burnout of Elementary School Teachers. Health, 8, 1-8. doi: 10.4236/health.2016.81001.

[1]   Ahmadi, P., Tahmabi, R., Babashahi, J. and Fatahi, M. (2010) The Role of Personality Factors in Workholism Formation. Transformation Management Journal, 2, 46-67.

[2]   Burke, R.J., Oberklaid, F. and Burgess, Z. (2006) Workaholism among Australian Women Psychologists: Antecedents and Consequences. International Journal of Management, 21, 263-277.

[3]   Askari, A. and Nouri, A. (2011) Investigating the Relationship between Workaholic and Dimensions of General Health in the Employees of an Organization in Isfahan. Iran Occupational Health, 8, 237-245.

[4]   Spence, J.T. and Robbins, A.S. (1992) Workaholism: Definition, Measurement, and Preliminary Results. Journal of Personality Assessment, 58, 160-178.

[5]   Scott, K.S., Moore, K.S. and Miceli, M.P. (1997) An Exploration of the Meaning and Consequences of Workaholism. Human Relations, 50, 287-314.

[6]   Keramati, M.R. (2012) The Relation between Teachers’ Per-ception of School Atmosphere and Their Occupational Stress. Quarterly Journal of Business Management, 8, 103-140.

[7]   Allison, M.G. (2007) Identifying the Types of Student and Teacher Behaviors Associated with Teacher Stress. Teaching and Teacher Education, 23, 624-640.

[8]   Pourghane, P., Sharifazar, E., Zaersabet, F. and Khorsandi, M. (2010) Survey the Effect of Religious Beliefs in Stress Reduction in Students of Langroud Faculty of Medical Sciences. Journal Holistic Nursing and Midwifery, 20, 10-15.

[9]   Amiri, M., Asadi, M.R. and Delbari Ragheb, F. (2011) Identification and Ranking Effective Factors on the Internet Shopping use of Fuzzy ANP. Quarterly Journal of Business Management, 3, 37-56.

[10]   Rostami, A., Noruzi, A., Zarei, A., Amiri, M. and Soleimani, M. (2008) Exploring the Relationships between the Burnout and Psychological Wellbeing, among Teachers While Controlling for Resiliency and Gender. Iran Occupational Health, 5, 68-75.

[11]   Amiri, H., Mirhashemi, M. and Parsamoein, K. (2011) Relationship between Perceived Job Characteristics, Job Roles and Burnout. Journal of Modern Industrial/Organization Psychology, 2, 53-69. (In Persian)

[12]   Gholipur, A., Nargeseyan, A. and Tahmasbi, R. (2008) Workaholism: The New Challenge of Human Resource Management. Danesh e Modiriyat, 21, 91-110. (In Persian)

[13]   Talaei, A., Mokhber, N., Mohammad Nejad, M. and Samari, A.A. (2008) Burnout and Its Related Factors in Staffs of University Hospitals in Mashhad. Koomesh, 9, 237-245. (In Persian)

[14]   Shariat, H., Taboli, H. and Shokuh Saljooghi, Z. (2012) The Relation between Workaholism & Occupational Stress: A Case Study about Welfare Organization Personnel of Kerman, Iran. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 4, 151-168.

[15]   Schaufeli, W.B., Bakker, A.B., Vander Heijden, F.M. and Prins, J.T. (2009) Workaholism, Burnout and Well-Being among Junior Doctors: The Mediating Role of Role Conflict. Work and Stress, 23, 155-172.

[16]   Srivastava, M. (2012) Stress, Workahol-ism and Job Demands: A Study of Executives in Mumbai. NMIMS Management Review, XXII, 94-116.

[17]   Aziz, S. and Cunningham, J. (2008) Workaholism, Work Stress, Work-Life Imbalance: Exploring Gender’s Role. Gender in Management: An International Journal, 23, 553-566.

[18]   Morgan, G. (2006) Images of Organization. Sage Publications, London.

[19]   Saiedi, L. and Asadi, A. (2012) Workaholism, Work Stress. Journal of Management, 23, 32-37. (In Persian)

[20]   Robbinson, B.E. (2007) Chained to the Desk: A Guidebook for Workaholics, Their Partners and Children, and the Clinicians Who Treat Them. New York University Press, New York.

[21]   ShabaniBahar, G. and Mahmudiyan, Z. (2012) The Relationship between Workaholism and Job Burnout of Sport Teachers in Kermanshah. Journal of Sport Management and Motor Behavior, 8, 129-147. (In Persian)

[22]   Hasani, M. and Shohudi, M. (2013) The Relationship between the Components of the Circuit’s Security Leadership and Mental Security with Dimensions of Workaholism: Urmia University Personnel. Journal of Executive Management, 5, 85-106. (In Persian)

[23]   Khaef Elahi, A.A., Nargesian, A. and Babashahi, J. (2012) Investigating the Relationship between Workaholism and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (Case of: Nurses in Tehran City). Transformation Management Journal, 4, 21-37. (In Persian)

[24]   Burke, M. and Kraut, R. (2008) Mopping up: Modeling Wikipedia Promotion Processes. Proceedings of the 2008 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, San Diego, 8-12 November 2008, 27-36.

[25]   Taris, T.W., Schaufeli, W.B. and Verhoeven, L.C. (2005) Workaholism in the Netherlands: Measurement and Implications for Job Strain and Work-Nonwork Conflict. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 54, 37-60.

[26]   Sonnentag, S. and Zijlstra, F.R. (2006) Job Characteristics and Off-Job Activities as Predictors of Need for Recovery, Well-Being, and Fatigue. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 330-350.