JGIS  Vol.7 No.6 , December 2015
Optimal Location Determination of Some Public Facilities within Minna Metropolis: A Geospatial Technique Approach
ABSTRACT
Theoretical frameworks used to explain the location of services include central place theory, aspects of industrial location theory and spatial diffusion theory. They are all described as normative theories which optimize with respect to defined criteria operating in prescribed environmental conditions (Rushton, 1979). However, recent advancement in geospatial technologies has led to several applications in geographically orientated challenges, hence, the adoption of an effective decision tool like Geographic Information System (GIS), high resolution products of satellite remote sensing as well as the Global Positioning System (GPS) in solving the rather challenging task of optimal location for facilities with respect to necessary criteria. Minna metropolis is being affected adversely by the problem of appropriate location of public facilities. These facilities are either too far from their market zone or they are too congested in a particular location and in some cases, political consideration to the siting of these facilities dominate without given considerations to the necessary criteria for demands and public interest. The study is an investigation into the “optimal determination of the locations of some public facilities in Minna metropolis of Niger State, using geospatial techniques”. The fusion of remote sensing, geographic information system (GIS) and GPS techniques was explored. Geodata base of existing facilities was created and Euclidean-distance geometry used to spatially analyze the appropriate locations with regards to the set of standard criteria. The results showed the haphazard and uncontrolled pattern of development of schools location. However, petrol stations met the evaluated criteria and optimal location indexes.

Cite this paper
Umar, A. , Adepoju, M. , Adesina, E. and Bamgbose, M. (2015) Optimal Location Determination of Some Public Facilities within Minna Metropolis: A Geospatial Technique Approach. Journal of Geographic Information System, 7, 658-666. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2015.76053.
References
[1]   Alan, T.M, (2003) Site Placement Uncertainty in Location Analysis. Department of Geography, The Ohio State University, Columbus. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 27, 205-221.
www.elsevier.com/locate/compenvurbsys

[2]   Bernhardsen, T. (1999) Choosing a GIS. In: Longley, P.A., Goodchild, M.F., Maguire, D.J. and Rhind, D.W., Eds., Geographical Information Systems: Principals, Techniques, Management and Applications, 2nd Edition, John Wiley, Chichester, 589-600.

[3]   Ahmed, M.W. (2007) Combining GIS-Based Spatial Analysis and Optimization Techniques to Generate Optimum Facility Location. GIS/RS Consultant eMapDivision/ISSD/Aramco, Cairo.

[4]   Birkin, M., Clarke, G.P., Clarke, M. and Wilson, A.G. (1996) Intelligent GIS: Location Decisions and Strategic Planning. GeoInformation International, Cambridge.

[5]   Trubint, N., Ostojic, L.J. and Bojovic, N. (2006) Determining an Optimal Retail Location. Yugoslav Journal of Operations Research, 16, 253-264. http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/YJOR0602253T

[6]   Michael, D. (2008) Facility Location in Cities: The Optimal Location of Emergency Units within Cities. NOVA; The University of Newcastle Research Online, The University of Newcastle Australia, VDM Verlag Dr Muller Aktiengesellschaf, Uon, 5725. www.vdm-publishing.com

[7]   Rushton, G. (1979) Optimal Location of Facilities. Department of Geography, University of Iowa, Iowa.

[8]   Ojigi, L.M. (2011) Geospatial Information System (GIS), Tools and Applications. Unpublished Lecture Note.

[9]   National Population Commission (NPC 2006) Data, Population Commission Office, Minna Office, Police Headquarters Federal Secretariat Dutsen Kura, Minna.

[10]   Wikipedia. The Online Encyclopaedia (28th January, 29th January, 15th February, 16th April, 18th April, 12th July, 2013). www.wikipedia.com

[11]   ESRI (1995) Location-Allocation in ArcInfo. Guide. Environmental Systems Research Institute, Redlands.

[12]   Jill, W. (2001-2008) ArcGIS Spatial Analyst Tutorial. Finding a Site for New School. pp. 16-47.

[13]   Johansson, T. and Pellikka, P. (2005) Interactive Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Application for European Upper Secondary Schools. Recent Research Developments in Learning Technologies, III International Conference on Multimedia & ICT’s in Education, 505-509.

[14]   State of Alaska—Department of Education—2011 Edition “Site Selection Criteria and Evaluation Handbook”.

[15]   Steven, J.H (2008) School Mapping and GIS Educational Micro-Planning, Working Document, International Institute for Educational Planning (UNESCO)

[16]   Ministry of Housing and Lands—2012 Design Guidance Location and Sitting of Filling Station. Ebene Cyber City, Ebene.

 
 
Top