IJCM  Vol.6 No.12 , December 2015
An Attempt on Methemoglobinemia: It’s Treatment and Relationship between Treatment and Cerebral Oximeter Value: Case Presentation
ABSTRACT
Background: Our paper aimed to investigate whether there was a correlation among the pulse oximetry, cerebral oximetry (CO) and MetHb (methemoglobin) values of a patient with congenital methemoglobinemia who underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy operation. Case: The 35-year-old male patient with a weight of 70 kg, body massindex (BMI) of 21, American Society of Anesthesia status-2(ASA-2) category who was planned for laparoscopic cholecystectomy operation was identified to have been diagnosed with congenital methemoglobinemia as per his medical history was methemoglobin levels ranged between 12% and 20% according to the periodical measurements taken for the past 3 years. The patient received standard monitoring during anesthesia and device monitoring with a cerebral oximeter (Invos 5100C somatic/cerebral oximeter, Covidien) and a CO-oximetry (Rad ?87 “Rainbow”, Masimo Inc., Irvine, CA) device to continuously follow up his MetHb values was also added. During the intra-operative follow-up, the patient’s methemoglobin level rose to 16%, his peripheral oxygen saturation levels decreased to 86% and his cerebral oximetry values were identified to have also decreased; therefore, methylene blue (MB) was intravenously administered to the patient. The patient continued to be followed up in the post-operative period and he did not develop any complications. Discussion: Appropriate treatment and monitoring enabled the prevention of potential complications. We believe that monitoring with NIRS and MASIMO CO-oximetry device will enable physicians to perform a safe follow-up and treatment in the intraoperative and postoperative follow-up of methemoglobinemia patients.

Cite this paper
Şeker, İ. , Özlü, O. , Demiraran, Y. , Sezen, G. and Boran, E. (2015) An Attempt on Methemoglobinemia: It’s Treatment and Relationship between Treatment and Cerebral Oximeter Value: Case Presentation. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 6, 954-960. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2015.612125.
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