Back
 AJPS  Vol.6 No.19 , December 2015
Critical Nitrogen Dilution Curve in Processing Potato Cultivars
Abstract: The critical nitrogen dilution curve (CNDC) can be used as a diagnostic tool to assess crop N nutrition during the growing season. Potato cultivars have different biomass production and accumulation of N and consequently different growth patterns. These differences among cultivars may result in different CNDC. The aims were a) to determine the CNDC for different potato cultivars; b) to compare these curves with reference curves; and c) to assess the possibility of using the CNDC to estimate the N nutritional status of the crop. The biomass production and N concentration of shoots and tubers of potato cultivars Innovator, Gem Russet, Umatilla Russet, Bannock Russet and Markies Russet were measured. The harvest index (HI) and N harvest index (NHI) were determined. The coefficient a of the CNDC was similar among cultivars, while the coefficients b for Innovator and Gem Russet (-0.42 and -0.36, respectively) were smaller than those for the other cultivars (average -0.25). HI and NHI were greater in Innovator, smaller in Markies Russet, and intermediated in the other three cultivars. The coefficients b of the CNDC were correlated with HI and NHI (HI, r = -0.62, p < 0.0001 and -0.53, p < 0.0001; NHI, r = -0.60, p < 0.0001 and -0.61, p < 0.0001 for 2004/5 and 2005/6, respectively). The relationship between relative tuber yield (RY) and N nutrition index (NNI) was fit by a quadratic-plateau function. At similar situations of N deficiency, Innovator had lower yield and greater response to N rate than the other potato cultivars. The differences in HI and NHI among cultivars may explain the differences in the coefficient b of the CNDC. The NNI identified the status of N adequately in potato cultivars.
Cite this paper: Giletto, C. and Echeverría, H. (2015) Critical Nitrogen Dilution Curve in Processing Potato Cultivars. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 3144-3156. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.619306.
References

[1]   Ziadi, N., Zebarth B.J., Belanger, G. and Cambouris, A.N. (2012) Soil and Plant Tests to Optimize Fertilizer Nitrogen Management of Potato. In: Zhonggi, H., Larkin, R. and Honeycutt, W., Eds., Sustainable Potato Production: Global Case Studies, 187-207.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-4104-1_11

[2]   Zebarth, B.J., Belanger, G., Cambouris, A.N. and Ziadi, N. (2012) Nitrogen Fertilization Strategies in Relation to Potato Tuber Yield, Quality and Crop N Recovery, In: Zhonggi, H., Larkin, R. and Honeycutt, W., Eds., Sustainable Potato Production: Global Case Studies, 165-186.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-4104-1_10

[3]   Samborski, S.M., Tremblay, N. and Fallon, E. (2009) Strategies to Make Use of Plant Sensors-Based Diagnostic Information for Nitrogen Recommendations. Agronomy Journal, 101, 800-816.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2008.0162Rx

[4]   Goffart, J.P., Oliver, M. and Frankinet, M. (2008) Potato Crop Nitrogen Status Assessment to Improve N Fertilization Management and Efficiency: Past-Present-Future. Potato Research, 51, 355-383.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11540-008-9118-x

[5]   Lemaire, G. and Salette, J. (1984) Relationship between Growth and Nitrogen Uptake in a Pure Grass Stand: I, Environmental Effects. Agronomie, 4, 423-430.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/agro:19840503

[6]   Greenwood, D.J., Lemaire, G., Gosse, G., Cruz, P., Draycott, A. and Neeteson, J.J. (1990) Decline in Percentage N of C3 and C4 Crops with Increasing Plant Mass. Annals of Botany, 66, 425-436.

[7]   Lemaire, G. and Gastal, F. (2009) Quantifying Crop Responses to Nitrogen Deficiency and Avenues to Improve Nitrogen Use Efficiency. In: Sadras, V.O. and Calderini, D.F., Eds., Crop Physiology, Elsevier, 171-211.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-374431-9.00008-6

[8]   Justes, E., Mary, B. Meynard, J.M. Machet, J.M. and Thelier-Huché, L. (1994) Determination of a Critical Nitrogen Dilution Curve for Winter Wheat Crops. Annals of Botany, 74, 397-407.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbo.1994.1133

[9]   Lemaire, G. and Gastal, F. (1997) N Uptake and Distribution in Plant Canopies. In: Lemaire, G., Ed., Diagnosis of the Nitrogen Status in Crops, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 3-43.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-60684-7_1

[10]   Ziadi, N., Brassard, M., Bélanger, G., Cambouris, A.N., Tremblay, N., Nolin, M.C., Claessens, A. and Parent, L. (2008) Critical Nitrogen Curve and Nitrogen Nutrition Index for Corn in Eastern Canada. Agronomy Journal, 100, 271-276.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agrojnl2007.0059

[11]   Lemaire, G., Jeuffroy, M.H. and Gastal, F. (2008) Diagnosis Tool for Plant and Crop N Status in Vegetative Stage. Theory and Practices for Crop N Management. European Journal of Agronomy, 28, 614-624.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2008.01.005

[12]   Duchenne, T., Machet, J.M. and Martin, M. (1997) Potatoes. In: Lemaire, G., Ed., Diagnosis of the Nitrogen Status in Crops, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 119-130.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-60684-7_7

[13]   Giletto, C.M. and Echeverría, H.E. (2012) Critical Nitrogen Dilution Curve for Processing Potato in Argentinean Humid Pampas. American Journal of Potato Research, 89, 102-110.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12230-011-9226-z

[14]   Belanger, G., Walsh, J.R., Richards, J.E., Milburn, P.H. and Ziadi, N. (2001) Critical Nitrogen Curve and Nitrogen Nutrition Index for Potato in Eastern Canada. American Journal of Potato Research, 78, 355-364.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02884344

[15]   Kleinkopf, G.E., Westermann, D.T. and Dwelle, R.B. (1981) Dry Matter Production and Nitrogen Utilization by Six Potato Cultivars. Agronomy Journal, 73, 799-802.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1981.00021962007300050013x

[16]   Saluzzo, A., Echeverría, H.E., Andrade, F.H. and Huarte, M. (1999) Nitrogen Nutrition of Potato Cultivars Differing in Maturity. Agronomy Journal of Crop Science, 183, 157-165.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-037x.1999.00323.x

[17]   Gianquinto, G. and Bona, S. (2000) The Significance of Trends in Concentrations of Total Nitrogen and Nitrogenous Compounds. In: Haverkort, A.J. and Mackerron, D.K.L., Eds., Management of Nitrogen and Water in Potato Production, Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, 35-53.

[18]   Zebath, B.J., Tai, G., Tarn, R., De Jong, H. and Milburn, P.H. (2004) Nitrogen Use Efficiency Characteristics of Commercial Potato Cultivars. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 84, 589-598.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/P03-050

[19]   Di Benedetto, A. (2005) Horticultural Crops Underground Stem. Potato Crop. In: Di Benedetto, A. Ed., Handling of Horticultural Crops, Eco-Physiological and Technological Bases, Graphics editor Orientation, SRL, 149-175.

[20]   Mikkelsen, R. (2006) Best Management Practices for Profitable Fertilization of Potatoes. Better Crops with Plant Food, 90, 12-13.

[21]   USDA Soil Classification (2008) Soil Survey Staff, Natural Resources. Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Official Soil Series Descriptions.

[22]   Walkley, A. and Black, A. (1934) An Examination of the Degtjarett Method of Determining Soil Organic Matter and a Proposed Modification of the Chromic Acid Titration Method. Soil Science, 37, 29-38.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193401000-00003

[23]   Bray, R.H. and Kurtz, L. (1945) Determination of Total, Organic and Available Forms of Phosphorus in Soils. Soil Science, 59, 39-45.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-194501000-00006

[24]   Bremner, J.M. (1965) Inorganic Forms of Nitrogen. In: Black, C.A., et al., Eds., Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Agronomy Monograph No. 9, ASA and SSSA, Madison, 1179-1237.

[25]   Keeney, D.R. and Nelson, D.W. (1982) Nitrogen Inorganic Forms. In: Page, A.L., et al., Eds., Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Agronomy Monograph No. 9, ASA and SSSA, Madison, 643-698.

[26]   Caldiz, D.O. (2004) Management Features and Gem Russet Variety. From Farm to Factory, 4, 1-5.

[27]   Love, S.L., Stark, J.C. and Salaiz, T. (2005) Response of Four Potato Cultivars to Rate and Timing of Nitrogen Fertilizer. American Journal of Potato Research, 82, 21-30.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02894916

[28]   Caldiz, D.O. (2005) Management Features and Umatilla Russet Variety. From Farm to Factory, 5, 1-6.

[29]   Caldiz, D.O. (2004) Management Features and Bannock Russet Variety. From Farm to Factory, 4, 1-6.

[30]   Alfonso, M., Higueras, M., Scioli, S. and Caldiz, D. (2005) Management Features and Markies Russet Variety. From Farm to Factory, 5, 1-6.

[31]   Westermann, D.T. and Kleinkopf, G.E. (1985) Nitrogen Requirements of Potatoes. Agronomy Journal, 77, 616-621.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1985.00021962007700040024x

[32]   Stark, J.C., Mccann, I.R., Westermann, D.T., Izadi, B. and Tindall, T.A. (1993) Potato Response to Split Application Timing with Varying Amounts of Excessive Irrigation. American Journal of Potato Research, 70, 765-777.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02849104

[33]   Westermann, D.T. (1993) Fertility Management. In: Rowe, R.C., Ed., Potato, Health Management, Minnesota, 77-86.

[34]   LECO (2008) Organic Application Notes.
http://www.leco.com

[35]   SAS Institute (2002) The SAS System for Windows. Release Version 9.0, SAS Inst., Cary.

[36]   Littell, R.C., Freund, R.J. and Spector, P.C. (1991) SAS System for Linear Models. 3rd Edition, SAS Inst., Cary.

[37]   Caldiz, D.O. (2006) Production, Harvesting and Storage of Potatoes in Argentina. Buenos Aires, Argentina.

[38]   Alva, A.K., Hodges, T., Boydston, R.A. and Collins, H.P. (2007) Dry Matter and Nitrogen Accumulations and Partitioning in Two Potato Cultivars. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 25, 1621-1630.

[39]   Andriolo, J.L., Bisognin, D.A., De Paula, A.L., Matielo De Paula, F.L., Dos Santos Godoi, R. and Teixeira Barros, G. (2006) Curva crítica de diluição de nitrogênio da cultivar Asterix de batata. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 41, 1179-1184.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2006000700015

[40]   Dow, A.I. and Roberts, S. (1982) Proposed: Critical Nutrients Ranges for Crops Diagnosis. Agronomy Journal, 74, 402-404.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1982.00021962007400020033x

 
 
Top