Probability and Curvature in Physics

Author(s)
Xinzhong Wu

Affiliation(s)

School of History and Culture of Science, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

School of History and Culture of Science, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

ABSTRACT

Probability concept in physics entered into statistical physics and quantum physics by molecules kinematics; and curvature concept in physics as applying differential geometry to physics, entered into analytical mechanics long ago. Along with introducing space-time curvature concept into general relativity, curvature concept became more important; gauge field theory regards field intensity as curvature of fibre bundles. Curvature concept in quantum mechanics germinated from original derivation of Schrodinger equation; catastrophe scientist Rene Thom advanced curvature interpretations of ψ function and entropy according to differential geometry. Guoqiu Zhao advanced curvature interpretation of quantum mechanics; this new interpretation made relativity theory and quantum mechanics more harmonious, and regarded ψ function as a curvature function. So far Zhao’s quantum curvature interpretation is nearest to Schrodinger’s scientific thought and Einstein’s physics ideal.

Probability concept in physics entered into statistical physics and quantum physics by molecules kinematics; and curvature concept in physics as applying differential geometry to physics, entered into analytical mechanics long ago. Along with introducing space-time curvature concept into general relativity, curvature concept became more important; gauge field theory regards field intensity as curvature of fibre bundles. Curvature concept in quantum mechanics germinated from original derivation of Schrodinger equation; catastrophe scientist Rene Thom advanced curvature interpretations of ψ function and entropy according to differential geometry. Guoqiu Zhao advanced curvature interpretation of quantum mechanics; this new interpretation made relativity theory and quantum mechanics more harmonious, and regarded ψ function as a curvature function. So far Zhao’s quantum curvature interpretation is nearest to Schrodinger’s scientific thought and Einstein’s physics ideal.

Cite this paper

Wu, X. (2015) Probability and Curvature in Physics.*Journal of Modern Physics*, **6**, 2191-2197. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2015.615222.

Wu, X. (2015) Probability and Curvature in Physics.

References

[1] Wu, D.Y. (1996) Wu-Dayou Collections of Scientific Philosophy. Social Science Literature Press, Beijing.

[2] Pais, A. (1988) Subtle Is the Lord… Chinese Translation Version, Science and Technology Literature Press, Beijing.

[3] Schrodinger, E. (2007) Lectures of Schrodinger. Chinese Translation Version, Peking University Press, Beijing.

[4] Jin, S.N. (2007) Physics Base and Philosophy Background of Quantum Mechanics. Fudan University Press, Shanghai.

[5] Jammer, M. (1989) The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics. Chinese Translation, Commercial Press, Beijing.

[6] Kline, M. (1979) Mathematical Thought from Ancient to Modern Times (2). Chinese Translation, Shanghai Science and Technology Press, Shanghai.

[7] Jiang, X.Y. (2006) Fifteen Lectures about History of Science. Peking University Press, Beijing.

[8] Kline, M. (1980) Mathematical Thought from Ancient to Modern Times (3). Chinese translation, Shanghai Science and Technology Press, Shanghai.

[9] ДУбРОВИН, Б.А., HOBKOB, C.П. and ФOМеНKO, A.T. (2006) Modern Geometry (1). Chinese Translation, Higher Education Press, Beijing.

[10] Liu, K.-F. and Ji, L.-Z. (2006) Mathematician Life of Shing-Tung Yau. Zhejiang University, Hangzhou.

[11] Gui, Q.Q. and Gao, C. (2008) Philosophy Investigation on Gauge Field Theory. Science Press, Beijing.

[12] Thom, R. (1992) Structural Stability and Morphogenesis. Chinese Translation, Sichuan Education Press, Chengdu.

[13] Zhao, G.Q. (2008) From Interactive Reality to Curvature Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. Wuhan Publishing House, Wuhan.

[1] Wu, D.Y. (1996) Wu-Dayou Collections of Scientific Philosophy. Social Science Literature Press, Beijing.

[2] Pais, A. (1988) Subtle Is the Lord… Chinese Translation Version, Science and Technology Literature Press, Beijing.

[3] Schrodinger, E. (2007) Lectures of Schrodinger. Chinese Translation Version, Peking University Press, Beijing.

[4] Jin, S.N. (2007) Physics Base and Philosophy Background of Quantum Mechanics. Fudan University Press, Shanghai.

[5] Jammer, M. (1989) The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics. Chinese Translation, Commercial Press, Beijing.

[6] Kline, M. (1979) Mathematical Thought from Ancient to Modern Times (2). Chinese Translation, Shanghai Science and Technology Press, Shanghai.

[7] Jiang, X.Y. (2006) Fifteen Lectures about History of Science. Peking University Press, Beijing.

[8] Kline, M. (1980) Mathematical Thought from Ancient to Modern Times (3). Chinese translation, Shanghai Science and Technology Press, Shanghai.

[9] ДУбРОВИН, Б.А., HOBKOB, C.П. and ФOМеНKO, A.T. (2006) Modern Geometry (1). Chinese Translation, Higher Education Press, Beijing.

[10] Liu, K.-F. and Ji, L.-Z. (2006) Mathematician Life of Shing-Tung Yau. Zhejiang University, Hangzhou.

[11] Gui, Q.Q. and Gao, C. (2008) Philosophy Investigation on Gauge Field Theory. Science Press, Beijing.

[12] Thom, R. (1992) Structural Stability and Morphogenesis. Chinese Translation, Sichuan Education Press, Chengdu.

[13] Zhao, G.Q. (2008) From Interactive Reality to Curvature Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. Wuhan Publishing House, Wuhan.