ABSTRACT Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) in acetone was supported on the Amberlite XAD-1180 polystyrene divinylbenzene copolymer resin. The use of XAD-1180 impregnated with D2EHPA for the extraction of bismuth(III) from nitrate medium was carried out using batch technique. Various parameters affecting the uptake of this metal ion were described in the previous paper (Belkhouche and Didi, 2010) and the capacity of the impregnated resin for bismuth(III) was found to be 490.7 mg/g of resin. Effect of temperature on the values of distribution equilibrium was studied to evaluate the changes in standard thermodynamic quantities. A comparison of Langmuir forms I, II and Freundlich sorption isotherms was realized and the kinetic models applied to the adsorption rate data were evaluated for Lagergren first order, the pseudo second order and Morris–Weber models. From the results, the adsorption of Bi(III) onto D2EHPA/XAD-1180 resin shown the exothermic character and followed the Langmuir form II isotherm. Thus, the capacity of monolayer adsorption of Bi(III) was equal to 769.23 mg/g of resin. Both the Lagergren pseudo first order and film-diffusion models were found to best describe the experimental rate data.
Cite this paper
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