JSS  Vol.3 No.12 , December 2015
Demographic Characteristics as Determinants of the Use of Health Care Services: A Case of Nsukka, Southeast Nigeria
Author(s) Beatrice D. Adeoye*
ABSTRACT
Studies have associated demographic characteristics as strong determinants of utilization of health care services; however, not much has been done to explore the dynamics of these variables in Nigeria. This empirical study explores the link between demographic factors and the use of health care services. 543 respondents were selected using multi-stage sampling technique. The findings showed that a majority (56.9%) of the respondents were female while (50.3%) were married. Testing the demographic characteristics regarding where people will prefer to go for treatment with multiple regression, it is only sex as a demographic variable that indicates positive association, with 0.08 level of significance. Variables such as age and education did not indicate any strong correlation with health care services utilization in the study area. This result corroborates the reality in many parts of African society where it is the father that dictates the cause of action. That means gender plays an important role in the utilization of health care delivery.

Cite this paper
Adeoye, B. (2015) Demographic Characteristics as Determinants of the Use of Health Care Services: A Case of Nsukka, Southeast Nigeria. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 3, 23-28. doi: 10.4236/jss.2015.312003.
References
[1]   Erinosho, O.A. (2006) Health Sociology. Budwant Consult, Ijebu-Ode.

[2]   Benyoussef, A. (1977) Health services in Developing Countries International Journal of Social Sciences, 30, 397-403.

[3]   Popple, D. (2002) Health Care: Direct Practices. Encyclopedia of Social Work. NASW Inc., Washington DC.

[4]   Blaxter, M. (1990) Health and Lifestyles. Routledge, London. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203393000

[5]   Bellin, S.S. and Geiger, H.J. (1972) The Impact of a Neighborhood health centre on a patient’s Behaviour and Attitudes Relating to Health Care: A Study of a Low Income Housing Project. Medical Care, 10, 224-239.

[6]   Mckinlay, J. and Arches, J. (1985) Towards Protetarianization of Physicians. International Journals of Health Science, 15, 161-195.

[7]   Jeckins, C.D. (1987) Overview: Behavioral Perspective on Health Risks and Social Disadvantages. Academy Press, Washington DC.

[8]   Igun, U.A. (1988) Medical Sociology: An Introduction. Shaneson C. I. Press, Ibadan.

[9]   Rosestock, I. (1966) Why People Use Health Services. Milkbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 44, 94-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3348967

[10]   Becker, M.H. (1977) Selected Psychological Models and Correlates of Individual Health-Related Behaviour. Medical care, 15, 27-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005650-197705001-00005

[11]   Kirschy, J. (1974) Illness Behaviour in the Health Belief Model. Personal Health Journal, 387-408.

[12]   Barbara, B. (1997) The Emerging Health Care Word: Implication for Social Work Practice and Education. Social Work, 41, 541-551.

 
 
Top