OJCE  Vol.5 No.4 , December 2015
Importance of Sand Grading on the Compressive Strength and Stiffness of Lime Mortar in Small Scale Model Studies
ABSTRACT
Mortars provide the continuity required for the stability and exclusion of weather elements in masonry assemblies. But because of the heterogeneity of the mortar, its mechanism of behaviour under different load effects is dependent on the properties of the constituents of the mortar. The aim of paper is to determine the effect sand grading for various cement-sand-lime mortar designations (BS) and strength classes (EC) on the compressive strength and stiffness of mortar. Two silica sands; HST 95 and HST60 were used to make mortars in three strength classes: M2, M4 and M6, corresponding to mortar designations iv, iii and ii respectively. The results show that mortar made with the HST60 sand (coarser grading) usually resulted in mortar with a higher compressive strength and stiffness. The One Way ANOVA analysis of both compressive strength and stiffness at a significance level of 5% on the effect of sand grading on the two parameters also shows that they are both significant. There is also strong evidence of a linear correlation between the stiffness and compressive strength. The results indicate that in order to replicate full scale behaviour of masonry at model scales, the grading of fine aggregate in the models should be similar so as to properly model full scale behavior.

Cite this paper
Mohammed, A. , Hughes, T. and Abubakar, A. (2015) Importance of Sand Grading on the Compressive Strength and Stiffness of Lime Mortar in Small Scale Model Studies. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 5, 372-378. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2015.54037.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-14827-1

 
 
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