SNL  Vol.1 No.3 , July 2011
One-Step Preparation and Characterization of Zinc Phosphate Nanocrystals with Modified Surface
ABSTRACT
The surface-modified zinc phosphate (Zn3(PO4)2) nanocrystals were synthesized by a facile and efficient one-step ultrasonic-template-microwave (UTM) assisted route. The crystal structure, optical properties and morphologies of zinc phosphate nanocrystals were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and transmission electron microscope. And the TEM image showed that the product had good dispersion with a particle size of 30 – 35 nm. The anti-corrosion function of anti-corrosive paint using zinc phosphate nanocrystals was researched and the experiment result showed that the salt atmosphere–resistant time was 158 h longer than that of zinc phosphate bulk materials on market. The performance of zinc phosphate nanocrystals with modified surface synthesized by one-step UTM assisted route was improved 63.2% compared with the bulk materials.

Cite this paper
nullJ. Wang, D. Li, J. Liu, X. Yang, J. He and Y. Lu, "One-Step Preparation and Characterization of Zinc Phosphate Nanocrystals with Modified Surface," Soft Nanoscience Letters, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2011, pp. 81-85. doi: 10.4236/snl.2011.13015.
References
[1]   B. D. A. R. Romagnoli, V. F. Vetere and L. S. Hernandez, “Study of the Anticorrosive Properties of Zinc Phosphate in Vinyl Paints,” Progress in Organic Coatings, Vol. 33, No. 1, 1998, pp. 28-35. doi:10.1016/S0300-9440(97)00124-0

[2]   B. Czarnecka and J. W. Nicholson, “Ionrelease, Dissolution and Buffering by Zinc Phosphate Dental Coments,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, Vol. 14, No. 7, 2003, pp. 601-604. doi:10.1023/A:1024018923186

[3]   B. Yan and X. Z. Xiao, “Hydrothermal Synthesis, Controlled Microstructure, and Photoluminescence of hydrated Zn3 (PO4)2: Eu3+ Nanorods and Nanoparticles,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 11, No. 8, 2009, pp. 2125-2135. doi:10.1007/s11051-008-9578-6

[4]   B. Boonchom, R. Baitahe, S. Kongtaweelert and N. Vittayakorn, “Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Zinc Phosphate Hydrate Synthesized by a Simple Route in Aqueous and Acetone Media,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 49, No. 8, 2010, pp. 3571-3576. doi:10.1021/ie901626z

[5]   O. Pawlig and R. Trettin, “Synthesis and Characterization of -hopeite Zn3(PO4)2?4H2O,” Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 34, No. 12, 1999, pp. 1959-1966. doi:10.1016/S0025-5408(99)00206-8

[6]   B. I. Lee, W. D. Samuels, L. Q. Wang and G. J. Exarhos, “Sol-gel Synthesis of Phosphate Ceramic Composites,” Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 13, No. 6, 1996, pp. 134-143. doi:10.1016/S0025-5408(99)00206-8

[7]   Q. A. Yuan, S. Liao, Z. F. Tong, J. Wu and Z. Y. Huang, “Synthesis of Nanoparticle Zinc Phosphate Dihydrate by Solid State Reaction at Room Temperature and Its Thermochemical Study,” Materials Letters, Vol. 60, No. 17- 18, 2006, pp. 2110-2114.

[8]   J. K. Liu, C. X. Luo, X. H. Yang and X. Y. Zhang, “Ultrasonic—Template Method Synthesis of CdS Hollow Nanoparticle Chains,” Materials Letters, Vol. 63, No. 1, 2009, pp. 124-126. doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2008.09.029

[9]   J. K. Liu, X. H. Yang and X. G. Tian, “Preparation of Silver/Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposite Spheres,” Powder Technology, Vol. 184, No. 1, 2008, pp. 21-24. doi:10.1016/j.powtec.2007.07.034

[10]   A. L. Jose and J. B. Kenneth, “Microwave Synthesis of NTHU-4 and Related Materials,” Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 113, No. 1, 2008, pp. 325- 332.

[11]   A. Amirudin and D. Thierry, “Corrosion Mechanisms of Phosphated Zinc Layers on Steel as Substrates for Automotive Coatings,” Progress in Organic Coatings, Vol. 28, No. 1, 1996, pp. 59-76. doi:10.1016/0300-9440(95)00554-4

[12]   F. L. Yuan, C. H. Chen, E. M. Kelder and J. Schoonman, “Preparation of Zirconia and Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) Fine Powders by Flame-Assisted Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis (FAUSP),” Solid State Ionics, Vol. 109, No. 1-2, 1998, pp. 119-123. doi:10.1016/S0167-2738(98)00108-8

[13]   J. D. Wang, C. X. Luo, J. K. Liu and Y. Lu, “Synthesis of Yttria-Stabilized Cubic Zirconia Nanocrystals by Ultrasonic-Microwave Route,” NANO, Vol. 5, No.5, 2010, pp. 271-277. doi:10.1142/S1793292010002177

[14]   L. Combemale, G. Caboche, D. Stuerga and D. Chaumont, “Microwave Synthesis of Yttria Stabilized Zirco- nia,” Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 529-536. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2004.10.024

[15]   S. P. Yan, W. He and C. Y. Sun, “The Biomimetic Synthesis of Zinc Phosphate Nanoparticles,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 80, No. 2, 2009, pp. 254-258. doi:10.1016/j.dyepig.2008.06.010

[16]   J. C. Ray, R. K. Pati and P. Pramanik, “Chemical Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Nanocrystalline Powders of Pure Zirconia and Yttria Stabilized Zirconia,” Journal European Ceramic Society, Vol. 20, No. 9, 2000, pp. 1289-1295. doi:10.1016/S0955-2219(99)00293-9

[17]   M. Zhang, J. K. Liu, R. Miao, G. M. Li and Y. J. Du, “Preparation and Characterization of Fluorescence Probe from Assembly Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposite,” Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 5, 2010, pp. 675-679. doi:10.1007/s11671-010-9530-4

[18]   ISO/DIS 12944: Paint and Varnishes—Corrosion Protection of Steel Structures by Protective Paint Systems. Part 6—Laboratory Performance Test Methods, ISO, Geneva, 1998.

 
 
Top