ODEM  Vol.3 No.4 , November 2015
Recent Trends in Occupational Injuries and Diseases in Argentina: A Panel Data Approach
Abstract: Occupational injuries pose major public health and development related problems. However, efforts towards identification of determinants of labor incidents among salaried workers are still scarce in developing countries. This study aimed to identify sector and time effects on occupational accidents and diseases among Argentinean workers during 2004-2013. A negative binomial panel data model is estimated based on official data on injuries and fatalities in workplaces collected by the Board of Occupational Risks. Business cycle and profitability indicators are used as explanatory variables. Estimations also are adjusted by sector and time effects. Argentina business cycle tends to be negatively related with occupational injuries rates. In contrast, accidents at work reported tend to exhibit longer losses in working days. We also find a positive relationship between profitability and fatal injuries. These results may suggest incentives for under reporting and lower investments in safety by more profitable activities, which can imply some level of endogeneity between profit rate and occupational injuries.
Cite this paper: Viego, V. and Sagui, N. (2015) Recent Trends in Occupational Injuries and Diseases in Argentina: A Panel Data Approach. Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine, 3, 57-75. doi: 10.4236/odem.2015.34007.

[1]   ILO (2009) Facts on Safety and Health at Work.

[2]   CTA (2007) Los obstáculos al acceso a la justicia en materia de accidentes y enfermedades laborales.

[3]   Ramirez, L.E. (2010) Riesgos del Trabajo. Manual Práctico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, Buenos Aires.

[4]   Ruser, J. and Butler, R. (2010) The Economics of Occupational Safety and Health. Foundations & Trends in Microeconomics, 5, 301-354.

[5]   Rand, B. and Worrall, J. (1991) Claims Reporting and Risk Bearing Moral Hazard in Workers’ Compensation. Journal of Risk and Insurance, 58, 191-204.

[6]   Giuffrida, A., Fiunes, R. and Savedoff, W. (2002) Occupational Risks in Latin America and the Caribbean: Economic and Health Dimensions. Health Policy & Planning, 17, 235-246.

[7]   Gosh, A.K., Bhattacherjee, A. and Chau, N. (2004) Relationships of Working Conditions and Individual Characteristics to Occupational Injuries: a Case—Control Study in Coal Miners. Journal of Occupational Health, 46, 470-478.

[8]   Molla, G.A., Salgedo, W.B. and Lemu, Y. (2015) Prevalence and Determinants of Work Related Injuries among Small and Medium Scale Industry Workers in Bahir Dar Town, North West Ethiopia. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 27, 12.

[9]   Li, C.Y. (2001) Job Stress and Dissatisfaction in Association with Non-Fatal Injuries on the Job in a Cross-Sectional Sample of Petrochemical Workers. Occupational Medicine, 51, 50-55.

[10]   Guadalupe, M. (2002) The Hidden Costs of Fixed Term Contracts: The Impact on Work Accidents. Center for Economic Performance.

[11]   García, I. and Montuenga, V.M. (2004) Determinantes de la siniestralidad laboral. FUNDEAR. Documento de Trabajo No. 8.

[12]   Wunsch Filho, V. (1999) Reestruturação produtiva e acidentes de trabalho no Brasil: Estrutura e tendência. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 15, 41-51.

[13]   Barreto, S.M., Swerdlow, A.J., Smith, P.G., Higgins, C.D. and Andrade, A. (1996) Mortality from Injuries and Other Causes in a Cohort of 21,800 Brazilian Steel Workers. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 53, 343-350.

[14]   Santana, V., Nobre, L. and Waldvogel, B. (2005) Acidentes de trabalho no Brasil entre 1994 e 2004: Uma revisão. Ciência e Saúde Coletiva, 10, 841-855.

[15]   Moradinazar, M., Kurd, N., Farhadi, R., Amee, V. and Najafi, F. (2013) Epidemiology of Work-Related Injuries among Construction Workers of Ilam (Western Iran) during 2006-2009. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 15, e8011.

[16]   Perez Chada, D., Videla, A.J., O’Flaherty, M.E., Palermo, P., Meoni, J., Sarchi, M.I., Khoury, M. and Duran-Cantolla, J. (2005) Sleep Habits and Accident Risk among Truck Drivers: A Cross-Sectional Study in Argentina. Sleep, 28, 1103-1108.

[17]   Martinez, D., Collazo, M. and Liss, M. (2009) Dimensiones del trabajo docente: Una propuesta de abordaje del malestar y el sufrimiento psíquico de los docentes en la Argentina. Educação & Sociedade, 30, 389-408.

[18]   Molineri, A., Signorini, M., Perez, L. and Tarabla, H. (2013) Zoonoses in Rural Veterinarians in the Central Region of Argentina. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 21, 285-290.

[19]   Kohen, J. (1997) Nuevas relaciones laborales y salud de los trabajadores en Argentina. Desafíos y perspectivas para la investigación. Cadernos de Saude Pública, 13, S47-S57.

[20]   Hamalainen, P., Takala, J. and Saarela, K. (2006) Global Estimates of Occupational Accidents. Safety Science, 44, 137-156.

[21]   Aderaw, Z., Engdar, D. and Tadesse, T. (2011) Determinants of Occupational Injury: A Case Control Study among Textile Factory Workers in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia. Journal of Tropical Medicine, 2011, Article ID: 657275.

[22]   Min, K.B., Park, S.G., Song, J.S., Yi, K.H., Jang, T.W. and Min, J.Y. (2013) Subcontractors and Increased Risk for Work-Related Diseases and Absenteeism. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 56, 1296-306.

[23]   Davies, R., Jones, P. and Nuñez, I. (2009) The Impact of the Business Cycle on Occupational Injuries in the UK. Social Science & Medicine, 69, 178-182.

[24]   Mouza, A.M. and Targoutzidis, A. (2012) The Impact of the Economic Cycle on Fatal Injuries. The Case of UK 1971-2007. Quality & Quantity, 46, 1917-1929.

[25]   Asfaw, A., Mark, C. and Pana-Cryan, R. (2012) Profitability and Occupational Injuries in U.S. Underground Coal Mines. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 50, 778-786.

[26]   Kossoris, M.D. (1938) Industrial Injuries and the Business Cycle. Monthly Labour Review, 46, 579-594.

[27]   Davies, R. and Jones, P. (2005) Trends and Context to Rates of Workplace Injury. Research Report 386, Health and Safety Executive, Liverpool.

[28]   Terres de Ercilla, F., Mondelo, P., Casado, A. and Vilella, E. (2004) Economic Fluctuations Affecting Occupational Safety. The Spanish Case. Occupational Ergonomics, 4, 211-228.

[29]   Boone, J. and van Ours, J.C. (2006) Are Recessions Good for Health? Journal of Health Economics, 25, 1069-1093.

[30]   Azaroff, L., Lax, M., Levenstein, C. and Wegman, D. (2004) Wounding the Messenger: The New Economy Makes Occupational Health Indicators Too Good to Be True. International Journal of Health Services, 34, 271-303.

[31]   Saloniemi, A. and Oksanen, H. (1998) Accidents and Fatal Accidents—Some Paradoxes. Safety Science, 29, 59-66.

[32]   Nichols, N. (1991) Industrial Injuries in British Manufacturing Industry and Cyclical Effects: Continuities and Discontinuities in Industrial Injury Research. The Sociological Review, 39, 131-139.

[33]   Talvi, E. (2014) Macroeconomic Vulnerabilities in an Uncertain World: One Region, Three Latin Americas. Brookings Global/CERES.

[34]   Zack, G. (2015) El papel de las políticas públicas en los períodos de crecimiento y desaceleración en América Latina. Documento de Trabajo IELAT No. 72.

[35]   Baltagi, B. (2013) Econometric Analysis of Panel Data. 5th Edition, Wiley, Chichester.

[36]   Cameron, C. and Trivedi, P. (2013) Econometric Analysis of Count Data. 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, MA.

[37]   Benavides, F.G., García, A.M., Lopez Ruiz, M., Gil, J., Boix, P., Martinez, J.M. and Rodrigo, F. (2011) Effectiveness of Occupational Injury Prevention Policies in Spain. Public Health Reports, 124, 180-187.

[38]   Santamaria, N., Catot, N. and Benavides, F. (2006) Time Trends in Fatal Traumatic Occupational Injuries in Spain 1992-2002. Gaceta Sanitaria, 20, 280-286.

[39]   Bezchinsky, G., Dinenzon, M., Giussani, L., Caino, O., López, B. and Amiel, S. (2007) Inversión extranjera directa en la Argentina. Crisis, reestructuración y nuevas tendencias después de la convertibilidad. In: Kosacoff, B., Ed., Crisis, recuperación y nuevos dilemas. La economíaargentina, 2002-2007, Cepal, Buenos Aires, 149-187.

[40]   Suarez, C. (2013) Responsabilidad civil por accidentes de trabajo Ley 26773. García Alonso, Buenos Aires, 304 p.